About the book
The cultivated strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa) is a temperate fruit belonging to the Rosaceae family and the accidental hybridization hybrid species of F. virginiana and F. chiloensis. More than 40 strawberry species with different ploidy levels were identified in the world. Regarding the response to photoperiod, there are both long-day strawberry varieties and short-day or day-neutral strawberry varieties. Vegetative reproduction of strawberries under long-day conditions and high temperatures is done by rooting the young plants formed on stolon (runner). Due to the adaptability of the strawberry and as a result of the intensive efforts of the plant breeders, strawberry cultivation has spread to almost every agricultural land area around the world, from Ecuador to Alaska. According to FAO data, global strawberry production was 8,885,028 tons in 2019. As of 2019, in global strawberry production, China ranks first with 3.2 million tons, the USA ranks second with 1 million tons, and Mexico ranks third with 861 thousand tons. Being the leading strawberry producer, China meets 36.2% of the total global strawberry production. According to TUIK data, strawberry production in Turkey is 546,525 tons in 2020. 6.15% of the strawberry production in the world is produced by Turkey. Being the fourth largest strawberry producer in the world, Turkey comes twelfth in terms of exports. Strawberry exports in 2020 increased by 14.7% compared to the previous year and were 47.912 tons. Although the records of previous periods are not known, it is estimated that Fragaria vesca (forest strawberry) and strawberry cultivation in small orchards are carried out in the Western Black Sea and Marmara regions, especially in Istanbul, Karadeniz Ereğli, and Bursa. At the same time, strawberry breeding studies in Turkey have been continuing for about 40 years. In addition, strawberry fruit has an important role in human health due to its biochemical properties. Strawberry is an important fruit widely used in the Mediterranean diet because of its high content of essential nutrients and beneficial phytochemicals, which have relevant biological activity in human health. Among these phytochemicals, anthocyanin and ellagitannins are the major antioxidant compounds. Strawberry is among the fruits with the highest antioxidant activity due to its high content of ascorbic acid, polyphenols, anthocyanins, and flavonols.
The aim of this book is to carry out up-to-date evaluations on issues such as strawberry production in the world, strawberry breeding studies, organic strawberry production, cultural practices used in strawberry cultivation, strawberry industry, and the importance of strawberries in human health and nutrition.