Open access peer-reviewed Edited Volume


Juber Akhtar

Integral University

Associate Professor, an active researcher in novel drug delivery domain and former Head of Department at Faculty of Pharmacy, Integral University. Dr. Akhtar has more than 70 publications in reputed journals and is also an editorial member of many esteemed journals.


Usama Ahmad

Integral University

Assistant Professor, author, and researcher with an interest in smart and novel drug delivery systems. Dr. Ahmad has a rich publication record with more than 24 original articles published in reputed journals, 2 edited books with IntechOpen, 4 book chapters. He is a member of the American Association for Cancer Research, the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer, and the British Society for Nanomedicine.

x Badruddeen

Integral University

Associate Professor, Member secretary in IAEC, and investigator involved in cardiovascular, neurodegenerative, and endocrine research. He is expertise in Cardiovascular Neurodegenerative and Endocrine diseases. Dr. Badruddeen has 55 original articles in reputed journals. He is a member of secretary of Institution Animal Ethics Committee (IAEC) since the year 2008.

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Mohammad Irfan Khan

Integral University

Associate Professor, Former Research Development Manager, and investigator involved in the pharmacological evaluation, isolation of bioactive and formulation development. Dr. Irfan has 12 years of experience in the Research & Formulation development of Ayurvedic, Herbal, and Nutraceutical products and successfully developed more than 100 formulations. He has 25-original papers in International journals of repute.


Metformin Extraction Fractionation and Isolation Pharmacokinetics Solubility Analytical Determination Liposomes Nanoemulsions Mechanism of Action Adverse Drug Reactions Toxicity Pharmacodynamics

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About the book

This book will aim to collect scholarly articles from the scientific community on the subject of Metformin. Recent advances in Metformin research have provided new insights into how this drug could be utilized in numerous diseases. Metformin is one of the most widely used medicine to treat diabetes. The source of metformin, it’s availability and isolation plays an important role so that pure and precise medicine could be obtained. The analytical approaches to determine metformin in various bulk formulations is also a challenging task for the scientific community. The approaches in newer drug delivery of metformin may give further opportunities to the researcher so that an optimized preparation can be developed. Apart from its wide use in diabetes, Metformin has been frequently used in various cancer treatments along with side chemotherapeutic drugs. The objective of this book will be to provide a detailed insight on delivery systems of metformin, it’s multiple uses in numerous diseases, it’s safety and toxicity considerations.

Publishing process

Book initiated and editor appointed

Date completed: March 1st 2021

Applications to edit the book are assessed and a suitable editor is selected, at which point the process begins.

Chapter proposals submitted and reviewed

Deadline for chapter proposals: April 28th 2021

Potential authors submit chapter proposals ready for review by the academic editor and our publishing review team.

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Approved chapters written in full and submitted

Deadline for full chapters: June 27th 2021

Once approved by the academic editor and publishing review team, chapters are written and submitted according to pre-agreed parameters

Full chapters peer reviewed

Review results due: September 15th 2021

Full chapter manuscripts are screened for plagiarism and undergo a Main Editor Peer Review. Results are sent to authors within 30 days of submission, with suggestions for rounds of revisions.

Book compiled, published and promoted

Expected publication date: November 14th 2021

All chapters are copy-checked and typesetted before being published. IntechOpen regularly submits its books to major databases for evaluation and coverage, including the Clarivate Analytics Book Citation Index in the Web of ScienceTM Core Collection. Other discipline-specific databases are also targeted, such as Web of Science's BIOSIS Previews.

About the editor

Juber Akhtar

Integral University

Dr. Juber Akhtar completed his B.Pharm in 2005 from Jamia Hamdard University, New Delhi. In 2007 he completed his M.Pharm from Manipal University, Karnataka. He obtained his PhD degree from Integral University in 2014. He is currently employed as an Associate Professor at Integral University. He acted as Head of Department from 2014 till 2016. Dr. Akhtar also served as Chairman cum biological scientist, IAEC from October 2015 to May 2017. He also has experience of teaching abroad and has served as a Professor at Buraydah College of Pharmacy and Dentistry, KSA. Dr. Akhtar has more than 70 publications in reputed journals and is also editorial member of many esteemed journals. He has supervised a dozen of PhD and M.Pharm students in research projects. Dr. Akhtar is actively involved in research activities and his areas of interest include development of nano particulate drug delivery system for targeting to various organs.

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As an Author Service Manager, my responsibilities include monitoring and facilitating all publishing activities for authors and editors. From chapter submission and review to approval and revision, copyediting and design, until final publication, I work closely with authors and editors to ensure a simple and easy publishing process. I maintain constant and effective communication with authors, editors and reviewers, which allows for a level of personal support that enables contributors to fully commit and concentrate on the chapters they are writing, editing, or reviewing. I assist authors in the preparation of their full chapter submissions and track important deadlines and ensure they are met. I help to coordinate internal processes such as linguistic review, and monitor the technical aspects of the process. As an ASM I am also involved in the acquisition of editors. Whether that be identifying an exceptional author and proposing an editorship collaboration, or contacting researchers who would like the opportunity to work with IntechOpen, I establish and help manage author and editor acquisition and contact.

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