Open access peer-reviewed Edited Volume
Taking exception from previous publications and reviews, this handbook boldly knits botulinum toxin therapy indications in both dystonia and spasticity. Botulinum toxin therapy has indeed withstood the test of time in terms of its efficacy and safety, as applied in hyperfunctional states of the muscle and exocrine glands. Topics were chosen spanning from the basic science to the clinical applications and to instrument-guidance injections. The format was envisioned to be timely as one (either a novice or an experienced clinician) applies practical approaches with botulinum toxin therapy ranging from straightforward to challenging clinical scenarios. As well, clinicians and students alike will find the book useful in content and relevance to contemporary times. Please read with no fear and don't doubt because indeed you eventually become the winner as you finish the book.Read more >Order hardcopy
13667 Total Chapter Downloads
4 Crossref Citations
5 Web of Science Citations
9 Dimensions Citations
Open access peer-reviewed1. Introductory Chapter: Botulinum Toxin Type A Therapy in Dystonia and Spasticity - What are Current Practical Applications?
By Raymond L. Rosales and Dirk Dressler
Open access peer-reviewed2. How Much Evidence do we have on the Central Effects of Botulinum Toxin in Spasticity and Dystonia?
By Tomáš Veverka, Martin Nevrlý, Pavel Otruba, Petr Hluštík and Petr Kaňovský
Open access peer-reviewed3. How does Recent Understanding of Molecular Mechanisms in Botulinum Toxin Impact Therapy?
By Nutan Sharma
Open access peer-reviewed4. Clinical Relevance of Immunoresistance to Botulinum Therapy
By Jürgen Frevert and Dirk Dressler
Open access peer-reviewed5. Practical Tips on Botulinum Toxin Injections
By Woong‐Woo Lee and Beomseok Jeon
Open access peer-reviewed6. How Effective and Safe is Botulinum Toxin Therapy in Cervical Dystonia: The Current Stand
By Roland Dominic G. Jamora and Anthony N. Piano
Open access peer-reviewed7. What Clinical Strategies are Applied for Botulinum Toxin Injection in the Oromandibular Region?
By Merete Bakke, Torben Dalager and Eigild Møller
Open access peer-reviewed8. How Does Botulinum Toxin Injection and Physiotherapy Complement Each Other in Cerebral Palsy?
By Ayşe Numanoğlu Akbaş
Open access peer-reviewed9. How Can We Clinically Apply Ultrasound-Guided BoNT-A Injection Technology for Muscle Spasticity in Stroke Patients?
By Li Jiang and Zulin Dou
Open access peer-reviewed10. How Useful are Localization Techniques in Botulinum Toxin Injections for Dystonia and Spasticity Indications?
By Nikolina Ilkova Semerdjieva
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