About the book
Prunus genus is one of the most popular and widely spread genera in the world. It belongs to the Rosaceae family and has more than 400 species of trees and shrubs. Plants belonging to Prunus genus are mainly located in temperate climatic conditions, however they can also grow in subtropical climatic regions with low chilling cultivars. The genus is most abundant in Asia, North America, and southern Europe, but it is also widely grown in Malaysia, northern Australia, Central America, Brazil, and Chile. This genus contains economically very important species such as: peach, almond, apricot, cherry, and plum. In addition, ornamental trees and shrubs with beautiful flowers belong to this genus. Prunus species can be deciduous or evergreen and have toothed margin leaves. The showy flowers usually have 5 petals, numerous stamens, one or more pistils, and bear drupes which usually contain only one seed, sometimes called stone fruit. This book includes topics on genetic origins and importance of the Prunus germplasm, nutritional and health values of Prunus species, breeding and use of molecular markers in breeding, new cultivars, rootstocks, growing techniques, orchard management, and various physiological studies. The aim of this book is to gather together scientists who work on Prunus genus and have valuable experiences.