Open access peer-reviewed Edited Volume

Paraffin - Thermal Energy Storage Applications

Elsayed Zaki

Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute

Currently, Dr. Elsayed Zaki is a visiting researcher at the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Iacocca Hall, Lehigh University, USA., he has been a researcher of applied chemistry in the Petroleum Applications Department, Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute from 1 March 2015 to the present, he is serving as an editorial member of several reputed journals and is a member of a number of international organizations among which Royal Society of Chemistry.


Abdelghaffar Dhmees

Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute

Dr. AbdelGhaffar S. Dhmees is a Senior of Dynamic light Scattering Lab., Nanotechnology center, Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute.


Paraffin Paraffin Wax Phase Change Energy Storage Mesoporous Materials Thermal Storage Nanomaterials Porous Materials CNTs Clay By-Products Applications

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About the book

Paraffin wax is a petroleum derivable soft solid (crude oil) composed of a mixture of hydrocarbon molecules containing between twenty and forty atoms of carbon. Paraffin waxes are mixtures of saturated n- and iso-alkanes, naphthenes and aromatic compounds which are substituted by alkyl and naphthene. A typical chemical composition of alkane paraffin wax contains hydrocarbons with the general formula CnH2n+2 .

Paraffins are found in nature in large quantities, but can also be synthetically produced, and are generated as by-products in the production of other natural substances. Control a strong market even because of its limited end-use.
Paraffin waxes were used in different ways according to their characteristics such as chemical stability, non-poisonous, no phase separation with only a slight volume shift during phase transformation with a negligible degree of sub-cooling and complete thermal stability.

The storage and management of thermal energy was seen as a prospective technology for efficient energy regulation and utilization. Phase change materials (PCMs), latent heat energy storage materials, can store and release significant quantities of waste heat energy during their phase transition; thus, they have enormous potential for efficient heat energy use.

Because of their low costs, high latent heat and proper thermal characteristics such as little to no supercooling, low vapor pressure, self- behaviour, paraffin has been commonly used for energy storage applications. The type of shape-stabilized or structure-stable composites must be formed by injecting paraffin into porous materials as the supporting matrix in order to preserve the shape of paraffin and avoid leakage of the melted paraffin.

This book focuses on thermal energy storage. In particular, the commonly used materials at high temperatures, molten salts and concrete. Also the focus is on the most promising materials with paraffin such as; carbon nanotubes/ paraffin, Nano powder/ paraffin, by-products / paraffin and clay/paraffin in for thermal energy storage.

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Book initiated and editor appointed

Date completed: October 28th 2020

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Deadline for chapter proposals: December 1st 2020

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Deadline for full chapters: January 30th 2021

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Review results due: April 20th 2021

Full chapter manuscripts are screened for plagiarism and undergo a Main Editor Peer Review. Results are sent to authors within 30 days of submission, with suggestions for rounds of revisions.

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Expected publication date: June 19th 2021

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About the editor

Elsayed Zaki

Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute

Dr Elsayed Zaki received his PhD in physical chemistry from the Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science,– Mansoura University, Egypt. Currently, he is a visiting researcher at the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Iacocca Hall, Lehigh University, USA. He has been a researcher of applied chemistry in the Petroleum Applications Department, Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute from 1 March 2015 to present. He is currently serving as an editorial member of several reputed journals such as: Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, American Chemical Society, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Archives in Cancer Research, Herald Journal of Agriculture and Food Science Research, on the scientific and technical committee and editorial review board on Chemical and Molecular Engineering (WASET), Open Journal of Applied Sciences, Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science, Journal of the Chemical Society of Pakistan, International Conference on Chemical, Metallurgy and Environmental Engineering, Universal Researchers in Environmental & Biological Engineering, Asia-Pacific Chemical, Biological & Environmental Engineering Society, International Journal of Chemical and Biomolecular Science in Public Science Framework, Biomedical and Pharmacology Journal, International Academy of Chemical, Civil & Environment Engineering, International Journal of Ambient Energy, he was appointed to editorial board for the International Journal of Materials Science and Applications, he was appointed to editorial board for Advances in Materials, he was appointed to editorial board for International Journal of Science, Technology and Society, Organic & Medicinal Chemistry International Journal (OMCIJ), Universal Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, International Journal of Nano and Material Sciences, he is an advisory board member of World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Cogent OA, Taylor & Francis Group, SciFed Journal of Polymerscience. He is a member of the Royal Society of Chemistry (MRSC), Chemicals Development Services Center (CDSC), Egyptian Corrosion Society (ECS), The Arab Society of Material Science, Petroleum and Mineral Resources Society, Egyptian Petroleum Association, The Egyptian Society of Polymer Science and Technology, Egyptian Syndicate of Scientific Professions, Asia-Pacific Chemical, Biological & Environmental Engineering Society (APCBEES), Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE), World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology (WASET), The International Association of Engineers (IAENG), Egyptian Association for Science and Engineering (EASE), Sesame User Office (SUO) Synchrotron- Light for Experimental Science and Applications in the Middle East, Sesame Users’ Committee (SUC) Synchrotron-Light for Experimental Science and Applications in the Middle East, International Association of Advanced Materials (IAAM), The Society of Digital Information and Wireless Communications (SDIWC), The International Society for Environmental Information Sciences (ISEIS ), The Organization for Women in Science for the Developing World (OWSD), and the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry.

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