Open access peer-reviewed Edited Volume

Pollination in Plants

Edited by Phatlane William Mokwala

University of Limpopo, South Africa

Plants are the basic source of food for both humans and animals. Most of the food is made of fruits and seeds. For these to be formed, pollination must first take place. This process is the transfer of pollen grains from the anther, which is the male structure of the flower, to the sigma on the female structure of the flower. The transfer process requires agents to be carried out. The agents can be either biotic or abiotic. Nature perfected this arrangement between the pollination agents and the plants. As ecosystems and agricultural systems are changing, this balanced arrangement becomes disturbed. This makes it necessary that pollination systems be studied so that necessary measures can be undertaken to ensure productivity. The chapters of this book present results in research undertaken to improve productivity in crops such as Actinidia chinensis (the kiwifruit), Theobroma cacao (cocoa), and Manicaria saccifera (a tropical forest palm). Some results are presented on tests to check the viability of pollen grains and the delivery of sperm cells through pollen tubes to the embryo sac. These results can serve as guidelines to any person seeking to improve pollination and productivity or to check the efficiency on pollination in ecosystems or agricultural production systems.

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Pollination in PlantsEdited by Phatlane William Mokwala

Published: June 6th 2018

DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.71901

ISBN: 978-1-78923-237-0

Print ISBN: 978-1-78923-236-3

eBook (PDF) ISBN: 978-1-83881-625-4

Copyright year: 2018

Books open for chapter submissions

7321 Total Chapter Downloads

6 Crossref Citations

7 Web of Science Citations

14 Dimensions Citations


Open access peer-reviewed

1. Introductory Chapter: Pollination

By Phetole Mangena and Phatlane William Mokwala


Open access peer-reviewed

2. The Regulation of Sperm Cells Delivery to the Embryo Sac

By Ryushiro Dora Kasahara


Open access peer-reviewed

3. Pollination Ecology of the Manicaria saccifera (ARECACEAE): A Rare Case of Pollinator Exclusion

By Juan Carlos Copete, Danny Mosquera Flórez and Luis Alberto Núñez-Avellaneda


Open access peer-reviewed

4. Challenges in Cocoa Pollination: The Case of Côte d’Ivoire

By Gregor Claus, Wouter Vanhove, Patrick Van Damme and Guy Smagghe


Open access peer-reviewed

5. Artificial Pollination in Kiwifruit and Olive Trees

By Tacconi Gianni and Michelotti Vania


Open access peer-reviewed

6. Pollen Germination in vitro

By Jayaprakash P


Open access peer-reviewed

7. Comparison of Pollination Graphs

By James H. Lee, David M. Chan and Rodney J. Dyer


Edited Volume and chapters are indexed in

  • Worldcat
  • OpenAIRE
  • Google Scholar
  • AZ ebsco
  • Base
  • CNKI

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