About the book
Cardiovascular disease is still the leading cause of death in the world. Some risk factors are unpreventable, like family history, age, gender, and some forms of chronic kidney disease, and are described in this book for risk stratification purposes. Others are avoidable ones, like consumption of carbohydrates, smoking, obesity, and insulin resistance. We aim to highlight the impact of those avoidable risk factors and the benefit of adopting a healthy lifestyle early on. Many risk factors are intermingled, like hypertension and kidney disease, thus, the control of one risk factor can prevent the occurrence of another. Also, early lifestyle modification, like weight loss, can prevent the occurrence of non-reversible ones, like diabetes. On the other hand, the accumulation of multiple risk factors can make a person ineligible for some advanced therapies; a patient on dialysis due to hypertensive kidney disease might not be eligible for some forms of ventricle assist devices for ischemic cardiomyopathy.