About the book
We live in the era of the digital revolution that may be characterized by easy access to obtaining, processing and disseminating information on a global scale. However, large media enterprises now have to compete against so-called alternative media, which try to attract as much public attention as possible, and for the exact same (economic) reasons as mainstream media outlets. On the one hand, liberal democracies grant their citizens and the media constitutionally guaranteed freedom of speech and rights associated with obtaining information. On the other hand, many media producers – especially journalists – abuse these privileges and thus represent a serious phenomenon that, in fact, threatens the basic rights and freedoms. The publication is mainly focused on the ways fake news, misinformation and hateful statements are disseminated across society, predominantly within the online environment and on social networking sites. The emergence of global digital spaces has transformed the world of information; as a result, many challenges and risks have emerged. In September 2019, 20 countries supported an initiative proposed by Reporters without Borders that aims to reduce and eventually stop spreading fake news and expand the existing scope of the Internet providers’ responsibilities related to the content reliability and plurality of information. Social media have joined the current struggles to fight against fake news, misinformation and propaganda that are present in the online environment by developing software solutions able to identify hoaxes, as well as by erasing tens of thousands of fake accounts established in China, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates, and many other countries.
The publication’s main ambition is to offer an interdisciplinary body of scholarly knowledge and opinions on fake news, misinformation, and propaganda in terms of today’s journalism, social development, political situation, and cultural affairs happening all around the world.