About the book
Landraces are a gene pool repository that improves biodiversity, conserves sustainably and stabilizes the ecosystem to be operational. A landrace is a group of domesticated animal and farm plant species, adapted over a long period to its local natural environment. Farmers and vegetable growers have been able to save seeds from their planting every year for the following year. The seeds come from selected plants that were ideally suited for local conditions. So, several varieties with different characteristics were produced over generations of breeding. The benefit of this seed-saving approach was that it maintained genetically diverse crops which were particularly suitable for local growth and resistant to local diseases. Today they are a valuable genetic tool for such future generations. The loss in crop genetic diversity creates a threat to food safety in the future, especially as the people rise. There is also an immediate need to preserve as many landraces that are open to potential crop breeding programs to ensure their genetic diversity is not lost. These conventional varieties have been stopped by many farmers. Identify which remains and preserve them as a potential resource is necessary.