Mohammad Hammad Ather

Aga Khan University Pakistan

Dr. Hammad Ather is a Professor of Urology at Aga Khan University, Pakistan. He is an editorial board member of many international urological journals and author of more than 130 articles in international peer-reviewed journals. He has also written ten book chapters and edited three books. He is an adviser and reviewer for more than two dozen international urological journals and for dissertations and theses at various universities nationally and internationally. He is the founding director of the Conceptual Basis of Urology Course for the Pakistan Association of Urological Surgeons. His research interests include uro oncology, urolithiasis, and training in urology. His main clinical interests include endourology and uro oncology in bladder cancer.

Mohammad Hammad Ather

2books edited

3chapters authored

Latest work with IntechOpen by Mohammad Hammad Ather

Lithotripsy - Novel Technologies, Innovations and Contemporary Applications provides a comprehensive overview of urolithiasis management. Lithotripsy, the act of stone fragmentation, achieved either extracorporeally (ESWL) or intracorporeally (ISWL), has experienced tremendous progress in the last 40 years. ESWL, using an electrohydraulic energy source, which was introduced in the early 1980s, revolutionized the management of stones for which there were very limited options besides open surgery. Two chapters in this book discuss the history of ESWL and its contemporary applications and indications. The remaining four chapters discuss intracorporeal energy sources for stone fragmentation, including pneumatic, ultrasonic, and laser sources. Whereas pneumatic and ultrasound lithotripsy are the current workhorses of endourologists, particularly in the management of large and medium-sized kidney stones, lasers, on the other hand, are predominantly used for small renal and most ureteral stones. Due to innovations and rapid developments, laser technology is quickly replacing other energy sources for most kidney stones as well.

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