Instrument transformers are widely used in accounting the electricity as well as in protecting the energy generation systems. The accuracy of both voltage and current transformers is a critical parameter in terms of ensuring the reliability of functioning whether high-voltage or low-voltage networks. Two approaches are predominant in characterizing the voltage transformers with high primary rated voltage, these are applying either reference capacitor or reference transformer. Both methods require a device that enables the comparison of either two currents or two voltages. The errors of current transformers are determined by using the means of comparing two secondary currents, one of which is an output of reference transformer and the other is an output of a device under test. The calibration of such comparators may be a very sophisticated procedure. As metrological traceability depends on the measuring instruments and working standards used in calibration, the application of the proposed specific combinations of measuring instruments allows identifying the metrological traceability routes when calibrating the comparators.
Part of the book: Applied Aspects of Modern Metrology