Free radical-induced changes in cellular and organ levels have been studied as a possible underlying cause of various adverse health conditions. Important research efforts have, therefore, been made to discover more powerful and potent antioxidants/free radical scavengers for the treatment of these adverse conditions. The phytoestrogen coumestrol intensively attracted scientific interest due to their efficient pharmacological activities. In this scenario, DFT studies were carried out to test the antiradical activities of coumestrol and its derivatives. The results obtained from FEDAM plots demonstrated that the coumestrol derivatives pointed out were good radical scavengers relative to the parent molecule in the gas phase. The derivatives whose 16thposition substituted with electron-donating groups like -NH2, -OCH3 and -CH3 showed good antioxidant capacity. Three antioxidant mechanisms, including hydrogen atom transfer (HAT), electron transfer followed by proton transfer (SET-PT), and sequential proton loss electron transfer (SPLET), were investigated by measuring thermodynamic parameters.
Part of the book: Functional Foods