This chapter presents the results of a comparative analysis of the Genesis of the word “bioethics” in Russian and foreign scientific literature. It is inferred that from the beginning, “bioethics” carried in itself a philosophical content that becomes deeper in the conditions of globalization and development of modern technologies. The philosophical content gives the opportunity to create interdisciplinary dialog in heated discussions on bioethical issues. An important feature of the Russian school of bioethics is its interdisciplinarity. This reliance is mainly on medicine, philosophy, law, sociology, and education. Serious attention is paid to the Russian bioethics, the ethics of clinical research, and ethical committees of different levels. At the moment, we can talk about new topics of Russian bioethical discourse such as agrobioethics, nanobioethics, genetic editing, and ethical issues of medical and psychological enhancement of human.
Part of the book: Reflections on Bioethics