Open access peer-reviewed Edited volume

Glucose Homeostasis

Most tissues and organs, such as the brain, need glucose constantly, as an important source of energy. The low blood concentrations of glucose (hypoglycemia) can cause seizures, loss of consciousness, and death. On the other hand, long lasting elevation of blood glucose concentrations (hyperglycemia) can result in blindness, renal failure, cardiac and peripheral vascular disease, and neuropathy. Therefore, blood glucose concentrations need to be maintained within narrow limits. The process of maintaining blood glucose at a steady-state level is called glucose homeostasis. This is accomplished by the finely hormone regulation of peripheral glucose uptake (glucose utilization), hepatic glucose production and glucose uptake during carbohydrates ingestion.

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Glucose HomeostasisEdited by Leszek Szablewski

Published: June 18th 2014

DOI: 10.5772/57190

ISBN: 978-953-51-1618-9

chaptersCrossref citationsDownloads

Open access peer-reviewed

1. Mammalian Sugar Transporters

By Robert Augustin and Eric Mayoux

11401

Open access peer-reviewed

2. Structural and Functional Evolution of Glucose Transporter 4 (GLUT4): A Look at GLUT4 in Fish

By Rubén Marín-Juez, Encarnación Capilla, Francisco Carvalho-Simoes, Marta Camps and Josep V. Planas

11011

Open access peer-reviewed

3. The Effects of Energy Intake, Insulin Therapy and Physical Activity on Glucose Homeostasis in Children and Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

By Aleksandra Żebrowska, Marcin Sikora, Przemysława Jarosz-Chobot, Barbara Głuchowska and Michał Plewa

876

Open access peer-reviewed

4. Role of Magnesium in the Regulation of Hepatic Glucose Homeostasis

By Chesinta Voma and Andrea M.P. Romani

944

Open access peer-reviewed

5. Glycemia and Memory

By M.O. Welcome and V.A. Pereverzev

2754

Open access peer-reviewed

6. Adipokines Involved in Macrophage Recruitment

By Dayea Kim, Jong Hyuk Yoon, Jaeyoon Kim and Sung Ho Ryu

982

Open access peer-reviewed

7. Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone (TRH) a Small Molecule in Pancreas Promotes Insulin Producing Cell Proliferation

By John Z.Q . Luo, Souriya Vang, Zhao Ting, Ivor Jackson and LuGuang Luo

795

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12Web of Science citations

5Crossref citations

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