Open access peer-reviewed Monograph

Energy Transmission and Grid Integration of AC Offshore Wind Farms


This book analyses the key issues of the offshore wind farm's energy transmission and grid integration infrastructure. But, for this purpose, there are not evaluated all the electric configurations. In the present book is deeply evaluated a representative case. This representative case is built starting from three generic characteristics of an offshore wind farm: the rated power, the distance to shore and the average wind speed of the location. Thus, after a brief description of concepts related to wind power and several subsea cable modeling options, an offshore wind farm is modeled and its parameters defined to use as a base case. Upon this base case, several analyses of the key aspects of the connection infrastructure are performed. The first aspect to analyze is the management of the reactive power flowing through the submarine cable. Then, the undesired harmonic amplifications in the offshore wind farms due to the resonances and after this, transient over-voltage problems in the electric infrastructure are characterized. Finally, an offshore wind farm connection infrastructure is proposed in order to achieve the grid code requirements for a specific system operator, but not as a close solution, as a result of a methodology based on analyses and simulations to define the most suitable layout depending on the size and location of each offshore wind farm.

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Energy Transmission and Grid Integration of AC Offshore Wind FarmsAuthored by Markel Zubiaga

Published: March 21st 2012

DOI: 10.5772/45610

ISBN: 978-953-51-0368-4

eBook (PDF) ISBN: 978-953-51-6165-3

Copyright year: 2012

Books open for chapter submissions

21735 Total Chapter Downloads

3 Crossref Citations

7 Web of Science Citations

7 Dimensions Citations


Open access peer-reviewed

1. Introduction

By Markel Zubiaga


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2. Wind Energy

By Markel Zubiaga


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3. Offshore Wind Farms

By Markel Zubiaga


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4. Power AC Transmission Lines

By Markel Zubiaga


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5. Definition of a Base Scenario

By Markel Zubiaga


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6. Evaluation of Harmonic Risk in Offshore Wind Farms

By Markel Zubiaga


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7. Analysis of Disturbances in the Power Electric System

By Markel Zubiaga


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8. Conclusions and Future Work

By Markel Zubiaga


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9. Appendices

By Markel Zubiaga


Monograph and chapters are indexed in

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