Open access peer-reviewed Edited Volume

Osmotically Driven Membrane Processes

Approach, Development and Current Status


Osmotically driven membrane processes (ODMPs) including forward osmosis (FO) and pressure-retarded osmosis (PRO) have attracted increasing attention in fields such as water treatment, desalination, power generation, and life science. In contrast to pressure-driven membrane processes, e.g., reverse osmosis, which typically employs applied high pressure as driving force, ODMPs take advantages of naturally generated osmotic pressure as the sole source of driving force. In light of this, ODMPs possess many advantages over pressure-driven membrane processes. The advantages include low energy consumption, ease of equipment maintenance, low capital investment, high salt rejection, and high water flux. In the past decade, over 300 academic papers on ODMPs have been published in a variety of application fields. The number of such publications is still rapidly growing. The ODMPs' approach, fabrications, recent development and applications in wastewater treatment, power generation, seawater desalination, and gas absorption are presented in this book.

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Osmotically Driven Membrane ProcessesApproach, Development and Current StatusEdited by Hongbo Du

Published: March 28th 2018

DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68607

ISBN: 978-953-51-3922-5

Print ISBN: 978-953-51-3921-8

eBook (PDF) ISBN: 978-953-51-4060-3

Copyright year: 2018

Books open for chapter submissions

17946 Total Chapter Downloads

11 Crossref Citations

16 Web of Science Citations

51 Dimensions Citations


Open access peer-reviewed

1. Introductory Chapter: Osmotically Driven Membrane Processes

By Felecia Nave, Raghava Kommalapati and Audie Thompson


Open access peer-reviewed

2. Forward Osmosis Membranes – A Review: Part I

By Murat Eyvaz, Serkan Arslan, Derya İmer, Ebubekir Yüksel and İsmail Koyuncu


Open access peer-reviewed

3. Forward Osmosis Membranes – A Review: Part II

By Murat Eyvaz, Serkan Arslan, Derya İmer, Ebubekir Yüksel and İsmail Koyuncu


Open access peer-reviewed

4. Effect of Internal and External Concentration Polarizations on the Performance of Forward Osmosis Process

By Amrit Bhinder, Simin Shabani and Mohtada Sadrzadeh


Open access peer-reviewed

5. Temperature Effect on Forward Osmosis

By Sangwoo Shin and Albert S. Kim


Open access peer-reviewed

6. Pressure Dependency of the Membrane Structure Parameter and Implications in Pressure Retarded Osmosis (PRO)

By Torleif Holt, Edvard Sivertsen, Willy R. Thelin and Geir Brekke


Open access peer-reviewed

7. Nonideal Solution Behavior in Forward Osmosis Processes Using Magnetic Nanoparticles

By Jimmy D. Roach, Mandy M. Bondaruk and Zain Burney


Open access peer-reviewed

8. Fouling in Forward Osmosis Membranes: Mechanisms, Control, and Challenges

By Amira Abdelrasoul, Huu Doan, Ali Lohi and Chil-Hung Cheng


Open access peer-reviewed

9. Fouling and Cleaning in Osmotically Driven Membranes

By Martha Noro Chollom and Sudesh Rathilal


Open access peer-reviewed

10. Forward Osmosis as a Pre-Treatment Step for Seawater Dilution and Wastewater Reclamation

By Machawe M. Motsa and Bhekie B. Mamba


Open access peer-reviewed

11. Applications of Reverse and Forward Osmosis Processes in Wastewater Treatment: Evaluation of Membrane Fouling

By Achisa C. Mecha


Open access peer-reviewed

12. Membrane Gas Absorption Processes: Applications, Design and Perspectives

By Julio Romero Figueroa and Humberto Estay Cuenca


Edited Volume and chapters are indexed in

  • Worldcat
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  • Google Scholar
  • AZ ebsco
  • Base
  • CNKI

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