Open access peer-reviewed Edited Volume

The Tsunami Threat

Research and Technology

Edited by Nils-Axel Morner

Stockholm University, Sweden

Submarine earthquakes, submarine slides and impacts may set large water volumes in motion characterized by very long wavelengths and a very high speed of lateral displacement, when reaching shallower water the wave breaks in over land - often with disastrous effects. This natural phenomenon is known as a tsunami event. By December 26, 2004, an event in the Indian Ocean, this word suddenly became known to the public. The effects were indeed disastrous and 227,898 people were killed. Tsunami events are a natural part of the Earth's geophysical system. There have been numerous events in the past and they will continue to be a threat to humanity; even more so today, when the coastal zone is occupied by so much more human activity and many more people. Therefore, tsunamis pose a very serious threat to humanity. The only way for us to face this threat is by increased knowledge so that we can meet future events by efficient warning systems and aid organizations. This book offers extensive and new information on tsunamis; their origin, history, effects, monitoring, hazards assessment and proposed handling with respect to precaution. Only through knowledge do we know how to behave in a wise manner. This book should be a well of tsunami knowledge for a long time, we hope.

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The Tsunami ThreatResearch and TechnologyEdited by Nils-Axel Morner

Published: January 29th 2011

DOI: 10.5772/573

ISBN: 978-953-307-552-5

eBook (PDF) ISBN: 978-953-51-4521-9

Copyright year: 2011

Books open for chapter submissions

100105 Total Chapter Downloads

60 Crossref Citations

58 Web of Science Citations

138 Dimensions Citations


Open access peer-reviewed

1. The Asian Tsunami’s Havoc and Death Toll: Nature’s Wrath or Human Shortsightedness?

By Zvy Dubinsky, Osnat Chomsky and Steve Brenner


Open access peer-reviewed

2. On the Need for a Tsunami Warning System in the North East Atlantic Area (Gulf of Cadiz)

By Baptista M. A., Omira R., Matias L., Miranda J. M., Annunziato A., Carrilho F. and Kaabouben F.


Open access peer-reviewed

3. Detection of Tsunamis from Changes in Ocean Surface Roughness

By Benjamin D. Hamlington, Oleg A. Godin, Vladimir G. Irisov and Robert R. Leben


Open access peer-reviewed

4. Overtopping and Run-up Hazards Induced by Solitary Waves and Bores

By Tom E. Baldock and Damitha Peiris


Open access peer-reviewed

5. Major Tsunami Risks from Splay Faulting

By Mohammad Heidarzadeh


Open access peer-reviewed

6. Forecasting Landslide Generated Tsunamis: a Review

By Marcello Di Risio, Paolo De Girolamo and Gian Mario Beltrami


Open access peer-reviewed

7. The Vulnerability of a City - Diagnosis from a Bird’s Eye View

By Hannes Taubenböck


Open access peer-reviewed

8. Resistance of Flexible Emergent Vegetation and Their Effects on the Forces and Runup Due to Waves

By Sundar Vallam, Murali Kantharaj and Noarayanan Lakshmanan


Open access peer-reviewed

9. Effectiveness and Limitations of Vegetation Bioshield in Coast for Tsunami Disaster Mitigagation

By Norio Tanaka


Open access peer-reviewed

10. The 2004 Tsunami in Aceh and Southern Thailand: Coastal Ecosystem Services, Damages and Resilience

By Roland Cochard


Open access peer-reviewed

11. Determination of Tsunami Inundation Model Using Terrestrial Laser Scanner Techniques

By Giuseppe Mastronuzzi and Cosimo Pignatelli


Open access peer-reviewed

12. Sedimentary Characteristics of the Holocene Tsunamigenic Deposits in the Coastal Systems of the Cadiz Gulf (Spain)

By Juan A. Morales, José M. Gutiérrez Mas, José Borrego and Antonio Rodríguez-Ramírez


Open access peer-reviewed

13. Grain-Size and Thin Section Characteristics of Tsunami Sediments from Thai-Andaman Coast, Thailand

By Wagner Jean-Frank and Srisutam Chanchai


Open access peer-reviewed

14. Geological Study of Unusual Tsunami Deposits in the Kuril Subduction Zone for Mitigation of Tsunami Disasters

By Futoshi Nanayama, Kiyuyuki Shigeno, Yorinao Shitaoka and Ryuta Furukawa


Open access peer-reviewed

15. Sand Sheets on a Beach-Ridge Plain in Thailand: Identification and Dating of Tsunami Deposits in a Far-Field Tropical Setting

By Kruawun Jankaew, Maria E. Martin, Yuki Sawai and Amy L. Prendergast


Open access peer-reviewed

16. The 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami: Impact on and Rehabilitation of Fisheries and Aquaculture in Thailand

By Suwat Tanyaros and David Crookall


Open access peer-reviewed

17. Tide Gauge Observations of the Indian Ocean Tsunami, December 26, 2004, at the Rio De La Plata Estuary, Argentina

By Walter Dragani, Enrique D’Onofrio, Dernis Mediavilla, Walter Grismeyer and Mónica Fiore


Open access peer-reviewed

18. Traces of Tsunami Events in off- and on-Shore Environments. Case Studies in the Maldives Scotland and Sweden

By Mörner, Nils-Axel and Dawson, Sue


Open access peer-reviewed

19. Tsunami Deposit Research: Fidelity of the Tsunami Record, Ephemeral Nature, Tsunami Deposits Characteristics, Remobilization of Sediment by Later Waves, and Boulder Movements

By Barbara H., Keating, Charles E. Helsley, Matt Wanink, and Daniel Walker


Open access peer-reviewed

20. The Atlantic Tsunami on November 1st, 1755: World Range and Amplitude According to Primary Documentary Sources

By Paul-Louis Blanc


Open access peer-reviewed

21. The 1889 Johnstown, Pennsylvania Flood: a Physics-Based Simulation

By Steven N. Ward


Open access peer-reviewed

22. Land Cover Mapping and Change Detection Analysis over Nanggroe Aceh (NAD) Province after Tsunami

By K. C. Tan, H. S. Lim, M. Z. MatJafri, and K. Abdullah


Open access peer-reviewed

23. Numerical Model for Multi-Layered Tsunami Waves

By Monzur Alam Imteaz, Fumihiko Imamura and Jamal Naser


Open access peer-reviewed

24. Estimation of Tsunami Initial Displacement of Water Surface Using Inversion Method with a Priori Information

By Nobuaki Koike


Open access peer-reviewed

25. The All-Source Green's Function of Linear Shallow Water Dynamic System: Its Numerical Constructions and Applications to Tsunami Problems

By Zhigang Xu


Open access peer-reviewed

26. A Multi-Sensor Research Program to Improve Tsunami Forecasting

By George D. Curtis


Open access peer-reviewed

27. Algorithms for Automatic, Real-Time Tsunami Detection in Sea Level Measurements

By Gian Mario Beltrami, Marcello Di Risio and Paolo De Girolamo


Open access peer-reviewed

28. Airborne Geophysical Investigation of Groundwater Resources in Northern Sumatra after the Tsunami of 2004

By Bernhard Siemon and Annika Steuer


Open access peer-reviewed

29. Application of Hydro-Geochemical and Geo-Electrical Techniques to Identify the Impact of Tsunami in the Coastal Groundwater

By Chidambaram S., Ramanathan A.L., Prasanna M.V. and Manivannan R.


Open access peer-reviewed

30. Generation and Propagation of Frequency-Dispersive Tsunamis

By Claudia Cecioni and Giorgio Bellotti


Open access peer-reviewed

31. HF Skywave Radar Performance in the Tsunami Detection and Measurement Role

By Stuart Anderson


Open access peer-reviewed

32. Atmospheric Gravity Waves and Effects in the Upper Atmosphere Associated with Tsunamis

By Michael P. Hickey


Open access peer-reviewed

33. Autopsy and Identification Techniques

By Jean-Pol Beauthier, Philippe Lefevre and Eddy De Valck


Edited Volume and chapters are indexed in

  • Worldcat
  • OpenAIRE
  • Google Scholar
  • AZ ebsco
  • Base
  • CNKI
  • BKCI

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