About the book
Human Papilloma Virus assumes a great significance because it is the proven causal factor for Cervical Cancer. Cervical cancer affects millions of women worldwide and it is an important cause of mortality among women. It is the third most common cancer worldwide, and more than 75% of cases occur in the developing world. However, the most important epidemiological feature is that cervical cancer is preventable. HPV infections that occur in women can be diagnosed by tests with acceptable specificity and sensitivity. The HPV positive women should be monitored, with regular Pap smears. Women who develop Cervical Intraepithelial Lesions - CIN, can thus be diagnosed at early stages. Once CIN is diagnosed cytologically, the women may be subjected to colposcopy guided biopsies. The confirmed CIN cases can then be subjected to Precancer management strategies like Cryotherapy, Cold coagulation, Laser ablation, Loop Electro Excision Procedure- LEEP. The women thus treated should be followed up at regular intervals of 6 months, with biopsies. If, at the end of 5 years, the woman is negative for CIN / invasive cervical cancer, she is declared cured. Community education, menstrual hygiene and sexual hygiene, early HPV diagnosis, monitoring, prompt treatment of CIN and histological follow ups, are all important in reduction in incidence of cervical cancer and mortality due to cervical cancer.