About the book
Carotenoids are natural and versatile secondary metabolites, most of them showing colors that vary from yellow to red. They are widespread among living beings, where they are involved in many biological roles reporting beneficial actions. To date, over 750 carotenoids have been described in animals, plants, macroalgae, some fungi, and a wide variety of microorganisms. Humans cannot synthesize carotenoids de novo, consequently, they are mainly obtained through the diet. In fact, carotenoids are consistently found in tissues or biological fluids, where they play a beneficial role in decreasing the risk of developing some diseases like cancer, eye disorders, autoimmune or cardiovascular diseases. During the last half-century, significant advances in carotenoids research have been made. For example, much knowledge on their biosynthesis in plants and microbes has been generated and there have been important breakthroughs in their production in both conventional and genetically modified organisms, not only at laboratories but also at large scale.
The aim of this book project is to highlight new perspectives and applications of carotenoids including characterization and isolation of new compounds (including rare carotenoids), their production at mid-large scale (involving new innovative approaches), and uses of carotenoids in different biotechnological fields like food science, biomedicine, and cosmetics.