About the book
Throughout the world, the morphology of fluvial systems has been dramatically altered by man’s actions. Indeed, the economic, social and environmental conditions of several river basins and estuarine systems have changed dramatically in the last decades as a consequence of anthropogenic activities, and they will go on changing in the forthcoming years due to increasing human pressure.
It is also clear that human action contributes to global warming and climate change, and it is certain that these consequences will be felt most strongly after the 2050s. Adjustments in natural and human systems are thus necessary to respond to present-day and expected effects of climate change.
New strategies are needed to develop a multifunctional use structure, which must take into account the multiple aims of sustainable development. To support this development, integrated analyses of new information sources are necessary. Furthermore, it should be possible to enact planning scenarios during the decision processes and, for that, we need to have instruments that will assist decision-makers in finding optimized solutions for existing problems.
It is in this overall context that this book appears, which aims to incorporate different disciplines and approaches, including theoretical analyses, field data, modelling tools, optimization techniques, and economic-ecological instruments in the management of watersheds and estuaries.