About the book
Greenhouse cultivation has evolved from simple covered rows of open-fields crops to highly sophisticated controlled environment agriculture facilities that projected the image of plant factories for urban agriculture. The advances and improvements in greenhouse technology have promoted scientific solutions for the efficient production of plants in populated cities and multi-story buildings. Successful deployment of high-tech greenhouses for urban agriculture requires many components and subsystems, as well as the understanding of the external influencing factors that should be systematically considered and integrated.
This book project aims to highlight some of the most recent advances in modern greenhouse technology for food security and the sustainability of crop production. Each chapter is expected to raise the awareness for technology transfer in advanced controlled environment agriculture, which is necessary for a successful transition to urban agriculture. Contributing chapters will highlight several aspects of a high-tech closed-field plant production system including improvements in the frame and covering materials, environment perception and data sharing, and advanced microclimate control and energy optimization models. In addition, the book will highlight urban agriculture and its derivatives, including vertical farming, rooftop greenhouses, and plant factories which are the extensions of CEA and have emerged as a response to the growing population, environmental degradation, and urbanization that are threatening food security. Finally, several opportunities and challenges will be identified as a summary chapter to show how integrated controlled environment agriculture can be implemented as vertical farming for urban agriculture.