About the book
Among advanced carbon materials, graphene is the first-ever 2-D allotropic form of carbon which gave rise to many new advancements in research, innovation, and technology. The mysterious electronic, electrochemical, structural, and physicochemical features of graphene are significantly the biggest positive for material scientists. Graphene attracts applications in fuel cells, organic photovoltaics, drug delivery, flexible electronics, and wearable electronics, respectively. Thanks to the intersection among conduction and valence band at six positions in momentum at the Dirac points, graphene is often considered a zero-gap semiconductor. Zero band gap depicts “zigzag” with the presence of an “armchair”, comprehensively no bandgap means everything may be accepted. At room temperature, graphene platelets give the lowest resistivity which is 10−6 Ω cm, bringing it to the top of electrical and conductive applications. Further, Graphene in twisted bilayer form exhibited superconductivity. Owing to its adsorption power which is nearly 2.3% of the red light, and approximately 2.6% of the green light, the mono-atomic dense bilayer surface can be observed with the naked eye. Graphene has exceptional clarity for monolayer atomic structure in a vacuum. Thermal behaviour, one of the key characteristics of graphene, is an efficient and desirable tested route for many researchers because of its high ability in thermal applications. The graphene structure is layered and the spacing is around 0.335 nm between each sheet. The toughness of graphene is 130 GPa and it has 1TPa Young’s Modulus, which is why it is significantly one of the strongest materials ever reported. Scientists have found that graphene monolayer has a large-angle-bent, which gives a slight strain, so 2D carbon monoliths display important mechanical and physical features as well.
In this edited book, because of the outstanding physical properties of graphene and based hybrids, we will focus on graphene’s recent progress, perspective future, new directions, and advanced applications. We are inviting worldwide researchers to share their research and to contribute to our edited volume which is focused especially on graphene being the most attractive material of the 21st century.