Open access peer-reviewed Edited Volume

Cosmology 2020 - The Current State

Michael Smith

Smart Formulations, Inc. (retired)


Hubble constant current Hubble values observational technique Dark matter detection evidence skeptical views Dark energy popular variants Inflationary Universe current problems supporting data compatibility with physics

Register your interest in contributing to this book

Collaborate with our community and contribute your knowledge.

About the book

Cosmology is currently in the throes of several important disagreements. We value and wish to disseminate the differing opinions of field leaders of four important topics.

The first is the value of the Hubble constant, the most important empirical value for cosmology, which has been contentious for about a century. Lately, claims have been made of exacting precision for several, different values centered around 70 km/s/Mpc. Some values are based on the cosmological ""distance ladder"", another on data from the cosmic microwave background, one from a bi-neutron star collision and another value based on the brand new technique of measuring red giants.

Second, the existence, or not, of dark matter (DM). There are several reports of DM discovery from astronomical studies of distant galaxies, while earthbound laboratories have been unable to detect DM. There is also the controversy over the possible nature of DM - very heavy particles or very light relativistic entities or perhaps DM is a variety of dark energy? It is important to list the ongoing laboratory searches, techniques and report expected time-frames.

Third, the existence or not of dark energy (DE). The existence of this unseen force seemed secure a few years ago but not so lately. Several groups report the results from an independent analysis of astronomical data not supporting this concept. On the theory side, Others report serious problems on the theory side, for the simplest \LambdaCDM model for a cosmos with DE. These reports have encouraged a proliferation of new, imaginative and speculative theories. Finally, the direct detection of DE in a lab failed. We will allow as many views as possible on this important topic.

Fourth, the inflationary universe or not. Because discriminating data are difficult to find, this topic is open to many interpretations and novel inflationary theories now abound.

The goal of this book is in presenting several sides of each of these four topics. The idea is to approach very many major proponents and opponents with the opportunity to expound their viewpoint either with new data, data compilations, re-analyses or reviews, and, especially their own opinions of why their ideas and values are correct and those of others should be discounted.

Publishing process

Book initiated and editor appointed

Date completed: November 7th 2019

Applications to edit the book are assessed and a suitable editor is selected, at which point the process begins.

Chapter proposals submitted and reviewed

Deadline for chapter proposals: November 28th 2019

Potential authors submit chapter proposals ready for review by the academic editor and our publishing review team.

Register for the book

Approved chapters written in full and submitted

Deadline for full chapters: January 27th 2020

Once approved by the academic editor and publishing review team, chapters are written and submitted according to pre-agreed parameters

Full chapters peer reviewed

Review results due: April 16th 2020

Full chapter manuscripts are screened for plagiarism and undergo a Main Editor Peer Review. Results are sent to authors within 30 days of submission, with suggestions for rounds of revisions.

Book compiled, published and promoted

Expected publication date: June 15th 2020

All chapters are copy-checked and typesetted before being published. IntechOpen regularly submits its books to major databases for evaluation and coverage, including the Clarivate Analytics Book Citation Index in the Web of ScienceTM Core Collection. Other discipline-specific databases are also targeted, such as Web of Science's BIOSIS Previews.

About the editor

Michael Smith

Smart Formulations, Inc. (retired)

Dr. Smith has obtained his Ph.D. at the Colorado State University, Fort Collins, USA in 1979, his MD in the Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA, 1979 to 1982 (post-doctoral), and his M.D.Sc. in the Umeå Universitet, Umeå, Sweden in 1984. His research interests include fundamental physics, cosmology, biophysics and applied mathematics, as follows. Fundamental physics: Dr. Smith has published a more general version of the Einstein field equation. Prediction of the release of energy from matter during supernovae explosions will result in a loss of much more gravitational attraction than currently predicted; "nearby" SNe will be more easily detected by LIGO/VIRGO than previously thought. Cosmology: examining supernovae (SNe Ia) gamma-ray and HII burst emission data using the FRW model; analyses using various models of the current matter density and cosmological constant with lookback to recombination. Dr. Smith has published one of the first articles on polytropic cosmology. He is currently interested in the real meaning of the value for the spacetime parameters, K and \Omega_k, of the FRW model. Biophysics: spectroscopy; NMR, including paramagnetic (high- and low-spin Fe+3); infrared; UV-vis; electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR). Protein hydrodynamics; protein-protein interactions with effects of a single amino acid (AA) mutations (SNP), Hb S, Hb C, many more SNPs; protein stability/instability in mild, non-denaturing conditions. Genetics: Dr. Smith has helped develop data reference libraries including human cancer genetics for clinical use and treatment prediction. Applied mathematics: computer programming for model comparisons, non-linear & multi-linear regression, ANOVA, common comparison statistics, FORTRAN, Basic and C++ programming. Applied quantum mechanics (Density of States) calculations of model hemes.

View profile

Book chapters authored 1

Books edited 0

Introducing your Author Service Manager

Ms. Sandra Maljavac

As an Author Service Manager my responsibilities include monitoring and facilitating all publishing activities for authors and editors. From chapter submission and review, to approval and revision, copyediting and design, until final publication, I work closely with authors and editors to ensure a simple and easy publishing process. I maintain constant and effective communication with authors, editors and reviewers, which allows for a level of personal support that enables contributors to fully commit and concentrate on the chapters they are writing, editing, or reviewing. I assist authors in the preparation of their full chapter submissions and track important deadlines and ensure they are met. I help to coordinate internal processes such as linguistic review, and monitor the technical aspects of the process. As an ASM I am also involved in the acquisition of editors. Whether that be identifying an exceptional author and proposing an editorship collaboration, or contacting researchers who would like the opportunity to work with IntechOpen, I establish and help manage author and editor acquisition and contact.

Ask a question

Book will be abstracted and indexed in