Carol Bernstein received her PhDs in Genetics from the University of California (Davis) and from the California Institute of Technology, respectively. She was a faculty member at the University of Arizona College of Medicine for 43 years, retiring in 2011. Her research interests focus on DNA damage and its underlying role in sex, aging and in the early steps of initiation and progression to cancer. In her research, she had used organisms including bacteriophage T4, Neurospora crassa, Schizosaccharomyces pombe and mice, as well as human cells and tissues. She had authored (jointly with her husband Harris Bernstein, and singly) more than 140 scientific publications, including articles in major peer reviewed journals, book chapters and invited reviews.