Dr. Smith has obtained his Ph.D. at the Colorado State University, Fort Collins, USA in 1979, his MD in the Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA, 1979 to 1982 (post-doctoral), and his M.D.Sc. in the Umeå Universitet, Umeå, Sweden in 1984. His research interests include fundamental physics, cosmology, biophysics and applied mathematics, as follows. Fundamental physics: Dr. Smith has published a more general version of the Einstein field equation. Prediction of the release of energy from matter during supernovae explosions will result in a loss of much more gravitational attraction than currently predicted; "nearby" SNe will be more easily detected by LIGO/VIRGO than previously thought. Cosmology: examining supernovae (SNe Ia) gamma-ray and HII burst emission data using the FRW model; analyses using various models of the current matter density and cosmological constant with lookback to recombination. Dr. Smith has published one of the first articles on polytropic cosmology. He is currently interested in the real meaning of the value for the spacetime parameters, K and \Omega_k, of the FRW model. Biophysics: spectroscopy; NMR, including paramagnetic (high- and low-spin Fe+3); infrared; UV-vis; electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR). Protein hydrodynamics; protein-protein interactions with effects of a single amino acid (AA) mutations (SNP), Hb S, Hb C, many more SNPs; protein stability/instability in mild, non-denaturing conditions. Genetics: Dr. Smith has helped develop data reference libraries including human cancer genetics for clinical use and treatment prediction. Applied mathematics: computer programming for model comparisons, non-linear & multi-linear regression, ANOVA, common comparison statistics, FORTRAN, Basic and C++ programming. Applied quantum mechanics (Density of States) calculations of model hemes.