Michael L. Smith

Smart Formulations, Inc. (retired)

Dr. Michael Smith has decades of experience in computerised data analysis and has co-authored many articles on novel ideas in cosmology and fundamental physics. He recently developed a more general version of the Einstein field equation. He has analysed many variations of Λ cosmology using the FLRW model using supernovae Ia, II and gamma-ray burst data. In addition, he co-authored one of the first articles on polytropic cosmology published by IntechOpen. He is currently interested in the real meanings of the spacetime parameters, K and Ωk, of the FRW model. After many years working as a consultant for both the pharmaceutical and energy industries, he has recently retired to spend some of his time writing about the philosophy of cosmology.

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