Venous and arterial thrombosis are complex disorders involving several genetic inherited thrombotic and environmental risk factors as well as many mechanistic pathways including those of hemostatic, inflammatory and oxidative homeostasis. To provide an overview of genetic polymorphisms associated with thrombotic disorders, we studied related pathways and mechanisms of venous and arterial thrombosis along with their genetic polymorphisms in association with their clinical significance. We considered classical polymorphisms in the coagulation pathway factors, particularly the thrombophilia predisposition factors: Factor V, Prothrombin and MTHFR as well as PROC, PROS and antithrombin III. Other known and novel genetic polymorphisms having an impact on the pathogenesis of and the susceptibility to venous and/or arterial thrombotic disorders, in particular those involving inflammatory, immune and oxidant/antioxidant/redox signaling systems, were reviewed.
Part of the book: Genetic Polymorphisms