In analysis of different types of dams, i.e. arch, gravity, rockfill and Roller Compacted Concrete (RCC) dams, the effect of hydrodynamic water pressure as an effective factor must seriously be taken into consideration. In present study, the hydrodynamic effect is precisely deliberated in RCC dams and compared to hydrostatic pressure effect. For this purpose, Kinta RCC dam in Malaysia is selected and 2D finite element (FE) model of the dam is performed. The Lagrangian approach is used to solve the dam-reservoir interaction, fluid–structure interaction (FSI), and in order to evaluate the crack pattern, Concrete Damaged Plasticity (CDP) model is implemented. Comparisons show that hydrodynamic pressure significantly changes the dam behaviour under seismic excitations. Moreover, the hydrodynamic effect modifies the deformation shape of the dam during the ground motions, however, it increases the magnitudes of the developed stresses causing more extensive tension crack damages mostly in the heel and upstream zones of the dam.
Part of the book: Computational Overview of Fluid Structure Interaction