Today is an era of metals including Aluminum alloys owing to a fundamental paradigm shift in research objectives. In addition to superior performance and lightweight criteria that are used to define the innovations of yore, scientists today are compelled to take into consideration the environment-friendliness of the new and novel materials being developed due to the concerns of maintaining a sustainable and safe existence. The solid-state Friction stir welding process has immense potential in the areas of automobiles, aerospace and construction industries due to its overwhelming advantages over the conventional fusion welding process of aluminum alloys. The thesis presents an experimental investigation of friction stir welding of dissimilar aluminum alloys AA7075T651 and AA6082T651. Mathematical modeling equations are developed to predict the tensile strength, impact strength, elongation, and micro-hardness of the dissimilar FSW joints AA7075T651 and AA6082T651. The process parameters are optimized for maximum tensile strength and hardness values. Post weld heat treatment is conducted and the metallurgical properties of the FS welded AA7075T651 and AA6082T651 are presented for different combinations of tool rotational speeds. Aluminum and its alloys are widely used in nonferrous alloys for many industrial applications. Aluminum exhibits a combination of an excellent mechanical strength with lightweight and thus it is steadily replacing steel in industrial applications where the strength to weight ratio plays a significant role. In conventional welding, the joining of aluminum is mainly associated with a high coefficient of thermal expansion, solidification shrinkage and dissolution of harmful gases in the molten metal during welding. The weld joints are also associated with segregation of secondary alloys and porosities which are detrimental to the joint qualities. Friction Stir Welding (FSW) and Friction Welding (FW) are the most popular emerging solid welding techniques in aircraft and shipbuilding industries. FSW is mainly used for the joining of metal plates and FW is mainly used for the joining of rods. Both techniques are suitable for high strength material having less weight. These techniques are environmentally friendly and easy to execute. Hence, the study of these techniques can contribute much to the field of green technology. This research work is dealt with the experimental and numerical investigations on FSW and FW of aluminum alloys.
Part of the book: Liquid Metals