In the twenty-first century, there is an enormous development in various areas: microwave sensors have played an important role in medical devices, because of population growth and public awareness of the health of medical devices, they have become an ever-increasing technology. Microwave antenna sensors can be used to monitor human body temperature, implantable defibrillators, pacemakers, continuous glucose monitoring, heart failure detection, and so on. Antennas are also used as flexible sensors to monitor physiological parameters. Therefore, microwave sensors are used for wireless communication in various biomedical applications. The design of such antennas has gained considerable attention for dealing with issues such as miniaturization, biocompatibility, patient safety, improvement in communication quality, etc. The objective of this paper is to prove an overview of the requirements, design steps, and testing of a microwave antenna used in biomedical implantation. In this chapter, various antennas used in medical applications are described in detail. Also, antenna designing and testing requirements are discussed.
Part of the book: Antenna Systems