Piezoelectric vibration energy harvesting has been investigated for different applications due to the amount of wasted vibration from dynamic systems. In the case of piezoelectric materials, this energy lost to the environment can be recovered through the vibration of energy harvesting devices, which convert mechanical vibration into useful electrical energy. In this context, this chapter aims to present the mechanical/electrical coupling on a simple dynamic system model in which a linear piezoelectric material model is incorporated. For this purpose, a mechanical/electrical element of a piezoelectric disk is developed and integrated into a lumped mass, viscous damping, and spring assembling, similar to a quarter car suspension system. Equations of motion for this dynamic system in the time domain can be solved using the finite element method. The recovered electric power and energy density for PZT (Lead Zirconate Titanate) from the wasted vibration can be predicted considering that the road roughness is introduced as an input mode.
Part of the book: Piezoelectric Actuators