Image segmentation is an essential technique of image processing for analyzing an image by partitioning it into non-overlapped regions each region referring to a set of pixels. Image segmentation approaches can be divided into four categories. They are thresholding, edge detection, region extraction and clustering. Clustering techniques can be used for partitioning datasets into groups according to the homogeneity of data points. The present research work proposes two algorithms involving hybridization of K-Means (KM) and Fuzzy C-Means (FCM) techniques as an attempt to achieve better clustering results. Along with the proposed hybrid algorithms, the present work also experiments with the standard K-Means and FCM algorithms. All the algorithms are experimented on four images. CPU Time, clustering fitness and sum of squared errors (SSE) are computed for measuring clustering performance of the algorithms. In all the experiments it is observed that the proposed hybrid algorithm KMandFCM is consistently producing better clustering results.
Part of the book: Introduction to Data Science and Machine Learning
Perceptron learning has its wide applications in identifying interesting patterns in the large data repositories. While iterating through their learning process perceptrons update the weights, which are associated with the input data objects or data vectors. Though perceptrons exhibit their robustness in learning about interesting patterns, they perform well in identifying the linearly separable patterns only. In the real world, however, we can find overlapping patterns, where objects may associate with multiple patterns. In such situations, a clear-cut identification of patterns is not possible in a linearly separable manner. On the other hand, fuzzy-based learning has its wide applications in identifying non-linearly separable patterns. The present work attempts to experiment with the algorithms for fuzzy perceptron learning, where perceptron learning and fuzzy-based learning techniques are implemented in an interfusion manner.
Part of the book: Data Clustering