Pharmaceutics and therapeutics industries enforced chemists to seek/discover antibacterial novel heterocycles owing specific bioactivity and innate characteristics significance. This chapter summarized potent antibacterial profile of 5-oxo-imidazolines in the new millennium as an antibacterial against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria viz. B. thuringiensis, S. aureus, E. coli, and E. aerogenes is presented in this chapter. 5-(H/Br benzofuran-2-yl)-1-phenyl 1H-pyrazole-3-carbohydrazides are condensed with 4-(arylidene)-2 phenyloxazol-5(4H)-one in acetic acid at elevated temperature to yield product 5-(H/Br benzofuran-2-yl)-N-(4-arylidene-5-oxo-2-phenyl-4,5-dihydroimidazol-1-yl)-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxamides. Different substrates like 4-(arylidene)-2-phenyloxazol-5(4H)-one allowed to react with benzaldehyde hippuric acid to yield 5-oxo-imidazolines/5-oxo-4,5-dihydroimidazole. All synthesized 5-oxo-imidazolines were characterized via elemental analysis and FT-IR, 1H-NMR and mass spectra techniques. All 5-oxo-imidazolines assayed in vitro for inherent antimicrobial activity at different concentration against stated bacterial strains and compared with standard chloramphenicol. 5-Oxo-imidazolines (3a and 3c) with 125 μg/mL concentration showed excellent antibacterial profile against Gram-positive bacteria, B. thuringiensis, while other derivatives at different concentrations showed moderate antibacterial activity against Gram-positive bacteria, S. aureus and B. thuringiensis. Gram-negative bacteria like E. coli and E. aerogenes are tested at higher concentration (1000, 500, and 125 μg/mL) and found good-to-moderate antibacterial activity. Tested products found non-active against E. aerogenes for 125, 61, and 31 μg/mL concentration also inactive at conc. 31 μg/mL against E. coli.
Part of the book: Heterocycles
In present chapter we have reported green and highly efficient method for synthesize novel series of substituted -1H-indazol-3-amine derivative (3a-h) by cyclocondensation reaction of substituted benzonitrile (1a-h) and substituted Hydrazine (2a-h) using ceric (IV) ammonium nitrate (CAN) as a catalyst, EtOH-H2O as a ecofriendly media and reaction was carried out under ultrasound irradiation green method. The structures of newly synthesized indazole derivative (3a-h) were corroborated through spectral investigation such as elemental analysis and spectral studies like IR, C13 NMR, Mass spectra and 1H NMR. The compounds were assessed for their in-vitro antimicrobial activity with pathogenic microbe comprising Gram positive bacterial strains, S. aureus and Gram negative strains E.coli, P.vulgaris, and S. typhi at different concentration. The consequence of bioassay is compared with standard drug Chloramphenicol.
Part of the book: Green Computing Technologies and Computing Industry in 2021