Among heterocyclic compounds, quinoline is a privileged scaffold that appears as an important construction motif for the development of new drugs. Quinoline nucleus is endowed with a variety of therapeutic activities, and new quinolone derivatives are known to be biologically active compounds possessing several pharmacological activities. Many new therapeutic agents have been developed by using quinoline nucleus. Hence, quinoline and its derivatives form an important class of heterocyclic compounds for the new drug development. Numerous synthetic routes have been developed for the synthesis of quinoline and its derivatives due to its wide range of biological and pharmacological activities. The article covers the synthesis as well as biological activities of quinoline derivatives such as antimalarial, anticancer, antibacterial, anthelmintic, antiviral, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, cardiovascular, central nervous system, hypoglycemic, and miscellaneous activities.
Part of the book: Heterocycles