Strawberry fruit (Fragaria × ananassa), a genus of the Rosaceae family, is the most commonly consumed berry fruit crop worldwide and is valued for its unique flavor and nutritional quality. Strawberries are expensive and filled with vitamins, fiber, and antioxidants. The susceptibility of strawberry fruit to postharvest diseases and decline of quality attributes increases after harvest and through extended storage, and as a consequence changes in physiological and biochemical parameters. Exogenous spraying, coating, or dipping was widely used to prolong the shelf life of strawberries. The temperature, atmospheric gas, and exogenous postharvest treatment (spraying, coating, or dipping) contribute to the maintenance of the fruit’s postharvest quality. Previous studies examined the effects of exogenous treatments on strawberry quality. In this review, we will thus discuss the influence of postharvest treatment on strawberry postharvest shelf life and quality management during storage conditions.
Part of the book: Strawberry
This chapter elaborates dependency of leguminous plants on rhizobia to carry out dynamic process of nitrogen fixation. Soybean, an extensively grown leguminous crop with 30% share in world’s vegetable oil, is taken into account to understand its symbiotic relationship with plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPRs). This chapter narrates colonization of PGPRs on soybean roots and single and mixed inoculation and coinoculation of certain strains of specialized bacteria with rhizobia. PGPRs’ coinoculation seemed more effective than mono-inoculation and is discussed in Ref. to nodulation rate. Moreover, dynamic linear models for quantification of leguminous biological nitrogen fixation (BNF) are reviewed. This chapter further uncoils the relevance of foliar application to the release of phytohormones by PGPRs, resulting in situ biosynthesis of active metabolites in phyllosphere. Inoculation of phytohormones is compared to their exogenous application for nodule organogenesis. Finally, the influence of coinoculation on enhanced micronutrient bioavailability is relayed. The chapter is concluded with technical and economic aspects of coinoculation in soybean.
Part of the book: Nitrogen Fixation