The various definitions of the coefficient of exergy efficiency (CEE), which have been proposed in the past for the thermodynamic evaluation of compression and expansion devices, operating below and across ambient temperature as well as under vacuum conditions, are examined. The shortcomings of those coefficients are illustrated. An expression for the CEE based on the concept of transiting exergy is presented. This concept permits the quantitative and non-ambiguous definition of two thermodynamic metrics: exergy produced and exergy consumed. The development of these CEEs in the cases of an expansion valve, a cryo-expander, a vortex tube, an adiabatic compressor and a monophasic ejector operating below or across ambient temperature is presented. Computation methods for the transiting exergy are outlined. The analysis based on the above metrics, combined with the traditional analysis of exergy losses, allows pinpointing the most important factors affecting the thermodynamic performance of sub-ambient compression and expansion.
Part of the book: Energy Systems and Environment