It is indicated that the sealing capacity depends on the contact characteristics—the relative contact area and the gap density in the joint. To determine the contact characteristics, a discrete roughness model is used in the form of a set of spherical segments, the distribution of which in height is related to the bearing curve described by the regularized beta function. The contact of a single asperity is considered with taking into account the influence of the remaining contacting asperities. The equations for determining the relative contact area and gap density in the joint depending on the dimensionless force parameters for elastic and elastic-plastic contacts are provided.
Part of the book: Contact and Fracture Mechanics