Polycystic ovarian syndrome is the commonest cause of anovulatory infertility. This chapter will explore fertility treatment options for this condition including the risks, benefits and success rates for different treatment methods. The importance of close patient monitoring with hormone levels and pelvic ultrasounds to ensure mono-ovulation and to avoid ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome will be highlighted.
Part of the book: Testes and Ovaries
Increasing concern exists regarding male reproductive health worldwide. This is due to the appearance of medical reports outlining apparent adverse trends, such as a worldwide decline in total fertility rate, and an increase in testicular disorders such as testicular cancer, cryptorchidism—in parallel with a probable decline in semen quality. This is of particular concern as there is evidence to suggest that a poor sperm count is potentially associated with overall lifelong morbidity and mortality, and is effectively a predictor of lifelong health risk. This chapter examines the evidence for this decline and its potential early life causes, from in-utero exposures to childhood development.
Part of the book: Male Reproductive Health