Dr. Kary Thanapalan received the B.Eng. (Hons) degree in control engineering from City University London, UK. Later he received the Ph.D. degree in aerospace control systems from the University of Liverpool, UK, and then conducted his research and development activities in various capacities. He has managed complete project from product concept design and development to production and resolving issues at each stage. He is currently working as a Senior Lecturer and Head of Research in Mechanical Engineering at the University of South Wales, UK. He is a leading researcher in the field of energy, control & automation, system engineering and material sciences . He has published over 80 research papers in peer reviewed international journals and refereed international conferences. He is a chartered engineer and a member of IET (CEng, MIET), and Member of the IAENG. He is also a Senior Fellow of the Higher Education Academy (SFHEA).