We consider a new approach to the description of the collective behavior of complex systems of mathematical biology based on the evolution equations for observables of such systems. This representation of the kinetic evolution seems, in fact, the direct mathematically fully consistent formulation modeling the collective behavior of biological systems since the traditional notion of the state in kinetic theory is more subtle and it is an implicit characteristic of the populations of living creatures.
Part of the book: Kinetic Theory
We review new approaches to the description of the evolution of states of large quantum particle systems by means of the marginal correlation operators. Using the definition of marginal correlation operators within the framework of dynamics of correlations governed by the von Neumann hierarchy, we establish that a sequence of such operators is governed by the nonlinear quantum BBGKY hierarchy. The constructed nonperturbative solution of the Cauchy problem to this hierarchy of nonlinear evolution equations describes the processes of the creation and the propagation of correlations in large quantum particle systems. Furthermore, we consider the problem of the rigorous description of collective behavior of quantum many-particle systems by means of a one-particle (marginal) correlation operator that is a solution of the generalized quantum kinetic equation with initial correlations, in particular, correlations characterizing the condensed states of systems.
Part of the book: Panorama of Contemporary Quantum Mechanics
Approaches to the rigorous derivation of a priori kinetic equations, namely, the Enskog-type and Boltzmann-type kinetic equations, describing granular media from the dynamics of inelastically colliding particles are reviewed. We also consider the problem of potential possibilities inherent in describing the evolution of the states of a system of many hard spheres with inelastic collisions by means of a one-particle distribution function.
Part of the book: Progress in Fine Particle Plasmas