Caffeoyl‐, feruloyl‐ and dicaffeoylquinic (chlorogenic) acids in infusions from green and medium roasted coffee beans were identified and quantified by reverse phase liquid chromatography. The chromatographic retention times of chlorogenic acids in coffee are modeled by structure‐property relationships. Bioplastic evolution is a view in evolution that conjugates the result of acquired features, and relationships that come out between the principles of evolutionary indeterminacy, morphological determination, and natural selection. Here, it is used to invent the coordination index, which is utilized to typify chlorogenic acids chromatographic retention times. The factors utilized to compute the co‐ordination index are the standard molar formation enthalpy, molecular bare, and hydrophobic solvent‐accessible surface areas, as well as fractal dimensions. The morphological and coordination indices provide strong correlations. Effect of different types of features is analyzed: thermodynamic, geometric, fractal, etc. Properties are molar formation enthalpy, bare molecular surface area, etc., in linear correlation models. Formation enthalpy, etc. distinguish chlorogenic acids molecular structures.
Part of the book: Quantitative Structure-activity Relationship
Algorithms for classification and taxonomy are proposed based on criteria as information entropy and its production. A set of 59 antitubulin agents with trimethoxyphenyl (TMP), indole, and C=O bridge present inhibition of gastric cancer cell line MNK-45. On the basis of structure-activity relation of TMPs, derivatives are designed that are classified using seven structural parameters of different moieties. A lot of categorization methods are founded on the entropy of information. On using processes on collections of reasonable dimension, an extreme amount of outcomes occur, matching information and suffering a combinatorial increase. Notwithstanding, following the equipartition conjecture, an assortment factor appears among dissimilar alternatives resultant from categorization among pecking order rankings. The entropy of information allows classifying the compounds and agrees with principal component analyses. A table of periodic properties TMPs is obtained. Features denote positions R1–4 on the benzo and X–R5/6 on the pyridine ring in indole cycle. Inhibitors in the same group are suggested to present similar properties; those in the same group and period will present maximum resemblance.
Part of the book: Molecular Insight of Drug Design
The elemental analysis of 11 teas consumed in Turkey is clustered by principal component analyses (PCAs) of metals and plant cluster analyses (CAs), which agree. Samples group into four classes. Elemental PCA and tea CA allow classifying them and concur. The first PCA axis explains 45%; the first two, 71%; the first three, 85% variance; etc. Different behaviours of teas depend on Cu, etc. They are considered as a good source of Mn, etc. Two elemental classes are distinguished: Cu-K-Mn and Fe-Na-Zn. Teas present adequate elemental contents, good antioxidant capacity and may be used as a functional beverage. They represent plants useful as a natural source for nutraceutical formulations.
Part of the book: Tea
Structure-property relationships model the ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatographic retention times of tea compounds. Bioplastic evolution presents a viewpoint in evolutionary science. It conjugates the result of acquired characters and associations rising between three rules: evolutionary indeterminacy, morphological determination, and natural selection. It is used to propose the co-ordination index, which is utilized to describe the retentions of tea constituents. In molecules, three properties allow computing the co-ordination descriptor: the molar formation enthalpy, molecular weight, and surface area. The result of dissimilar kinds of characteristics is examined: thermodynamic, steric, geometric, lipophilic, etc. The features are molar formation enthalpy, molecular weight, hydrophobic solvent-accessible surface area, decimal logarithm of the 1-octanol/water partition coefficient, etc. in linear and quadratic associations. The formation enthalpy, molecular weight, hydrophobic surface, partition, etc. differentiate the molecular structures of tea components. Feeble quadratic associations result between partition, hydrophobic surface and retention. The morphological and co-ordination descriptors complete the associations.
Part of the book: Tea