The genus Citrus belongs to family Rutaceae, which is characterized by trees and bushes. Citrus species are extensively cultivated throughout the world because of their multiple health benefits for humans and their applications in pharmaceutical and food industries. This chapter is a survey covering in vitro and in vivo studies that demonstrate the pharmacological activities of various Citrus species. The species Citrus aurantium, Citrus sinensis, Citrus limon, and Citrus bergamia are well known and several studies have been carried out to evaluate the pharmacological effects of their extracts, essential oils, and isolated constituents. These studies have found that they possess anxiolytic, anti‐inflammatory, hypoglycemic, anthelmintic, anticancer, and anti‐infective properties.
Part of the book: Citrus Pathology