Between 30 and 50% of the world population is permanently colonized in some anatomical site by Staphylococcus aureus, although the vast majority are asymptomatic carriers. The nose is its main niche and currently the colonization of S. aureus in the pharynx has become relevant due to the variety of reported carrier rates and the epidemiological importance of the dissemination of Methicillin-resistant S. aureus strains (MRSA) by pharyngeal carriers. For this bacterium to colonize a tissue successfully, it is necessary to establish many interactions with bacterial and host cell components such as bacterial wall teichoic acids (WTA) with the Scavenger SREC-1 host receptor and at the same time evade the defense mechanisms. On the other hand, there are host factors that will facilitate or complicate the colonization or persistence of S. aureus at these sites, such as physiological, genetic, immunological and microbiological factors.
Part of the book: Pharynx