This chapter reviews some recent spectral applications of the Fourier transform techniques as they are applied in spectroscopy. An overview about Fourier transform spectroscopy (FTS) used like a powerful and sensitive tool in medical, biological, and biomedical analysis is provided. The advanced spectroscopic techniques of FTS, such as Fourier transform visible spectroscopy (FTVS), Fourier transform infrared-attenuated total reflectance (FTIR-ATR), Fourier transform infrared-photoacoustic spectroscopy (FTIR-PAS), Fourier transform infrared imaging spectroscopy (FTIR imaging), and their biomedical applications are described. A special attention has been paid to the description of the FTVS method of commercial quantum dots like an innovative and reliable technique used in the field of nanobiotechnology.
Part of the book: Fourier Transforms
Quantum dot-based light-emitting diodes (QD-LEDs) represent a form of light-emitting technology and are regarded like a next generation of display technology after the organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) display. QD-LEDs are different from liquid crystal displays (LCDs), OLEDs, and plasma displays due to the fact that QD-LEDs present an ideal blend of high brightness, efficiency with long lifetime, flexibility, and low-processing cost of organic LEDs. So, QD-LEDs show theoretical performance limits which surpass all other display technologies. The goal of this chapter is, firstly, to provide a historical prospective study of QD-LEDs applications in display and lighting technologies, secondly, to present the most recent improvements in this field, and finally, to discuss about some current directions in QD-LEDs research that concentrate on the realization of the next-generation displays and high-quality lighting with superior color gamut, higher efficiency, and high color rendering index.
Part of the book: Quantum-dot Based Light-emitting Diodes
This chapter presents a comprehensive and updated review on the ongoing research area of nanostructures with a focus on quantum dots (QDs), fluorescent and magnetic nanocomposites, and their applications in biological and medical field. The study includes the essential characteristics of QDs and fluorescent and magnetic nanocomposites, their structure, properties, and methods that are utilized for their characterization. Some interesting qualities of CdSe/ZnS QDs with reference to the research of the microorganism are emphasized. The bioimaging applications of QDs and fluorescent and magnetic nanocomposites and their role as nanoprobes and as contrast enhancing agents are discussed. So, in this work, an overview is exhibited including the case of the most commonly studied QD-based hybrid NPs, which are called MQDs, such as a dual “two-in-one” fluorescent-magnetic nanocomposite materials, that blend both fluorescent and magnetic properties in a unique concept and show the feasibility for clinical diagnostics, drug delivery, and therapy.
Part of the book: Nonmagnetic and Magnetic Quantum Dots
Knowing excitonic and biexcitonic properties of low-dimensional semiconductors systems is extremely important for the discovery of new physical effects and for the development of novel optoelectronics applications. This review work furnishes an interdisciplinary analysis of the fundamental features of excitons and biexcitons in two-dimensional semiconductor structures, one-dimensional semiconductor structures, and zero-dimensional (0D) semiconductor structures. There is a focus on spectral and dynamical properties of excitons and biexcitons in quantum dots (QDs). A study of the recent advances in the field is given, emphasizing the latest theoretical results and latest experimental methods for probing exciton and biexciton dynamics. This review presents an outlook on future applications of engineered multiexcitonic states including the photovoltaics, lasing, and the utilization of QDs in quantum technologies.
Part of the book: Advances in Condensed-Matter and Materials Physics