Laser ablation is induced by a heating process of materials through the absorption of laser light and results in an explosive expansion of materials. For materials located in liquid, in contrast to those in vacuum, laser ablation proceeds under rather mild conditions via a cycle of heating and cooling by mediated solvent; therefore, it is applicable for organic solids to fragment into nanoparticles. Alternatively, for effective light absorbers, the irradiated site becomes the reaction centre of a photochemical reaction even in liquids, resulting in hydrogen gas generation. In this chapter, two topics of laser ablation in the liquid phase are presented: nanoparticle formation of organic materials and hydrogen gas generation from solid carbon in water. Thereby, the extended abilities of liquid laser ablation to transform ordinary materials into functional ones are introduced.
Part of the book: Applications of Laser Ablation