As tropical cyclones make landfall along coastlines all over the world, havoc is wreaked on families, businesses, economies, etc. A generally overlooked topic is one of the inherent dangers in tropical cyclone landfalls. These can produce tornadoes in the spiral rain bands coming ashore by encountering increasingly higher frictional convergence. The second component will be assessing which other parameters could be analyzed on a synoptic timescale to evaluate how we can potentially improve longer term predictions of tropical cyclone (TC)-induced tornadogenesis. The analysis showed that the combination of high low-level moisture, vertical temperature gradients, and enhanced vertical wind shear is the key factor that links landfalling tropical cyclones to associated tornadogenesis prior to, during, and/or after the time of landfall. An integral part of the process preceding TC-induced tornadogenesis is the enhanced vertical temperature gradient that develops as the storm maintains warm-core characteristics aloft but develops cold-core characteristics closer to the surface. The examination of forecaster perspectives showed that over the past few years there is strong evidence of forecaster improvement based upon greater cognizance of forecast variables linked to TC-induced tornadoes.
Part of the book: Tropical Cyclone Dynamics, Prediction, and Detection