Open access peer-reviewed Edited Volume

Phthalocyanines and Some Current Applications

Edited by Yusuf Yilmaz

Gaziantep University, Turkey

Since their initial accidental synthesis and characterization in Scotland in the late 1920s, there has been a strong research focus on the use of phthalocyanines (Pcs) as dyes and pigments. In recent years, active research fields have included their use in electrophotography, photovoltaic and solar cells, molecular electronics, Langmuir-Blodgett films, photosensitizers, electrochromic display devices, gas sensors, liquid crystals, low-dimensional conductors, and optical disks. Phthalocyanines possess interesting biological, electronic, optical, catalytic, and structural properties. The main disadvantage is their insolubility in common solvents due to strong intermolecular - interactions. The solubility of phthalocyanines can be increased by various methods such as the formation of anionic and cationic species and both axial and peripheral substitution. Substitution at the nonperipheral and peripheral positions of the benzo moieties usually enhances their solubility in organic solvents. The most important advantage of phthalocyanines compared to porphyrins is that their Q bands lie at longer wavelengths and are considerably more intense. In this book, you will find synthesis and some applications of various phthalocyanine derivatives.

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Phthalocyanines and Some Current ApplicationsEdited by Yusuf Yilmaz

Published: June 21st 2017

DOI: 10.5772/65623

ISBN: 978-953-51-3256-1

Print ISBN: 978-953-51-3255-4

eBook (PDF) ISBN: 978-953-51-4781-7

Copyright year: 2017

Books open for chapter submissions

15322 Total Chapter Downloads

20 Crossref Citations

13 Web of Science Citations

34 Dimensions Citations


Open access peer-reviewed

1. Free-Base and Metal Complexes of 5,10,15,20-Tetrakis(NMethyl Pyridinium L)Porphyrin: Catalytic and Therapeutic Properties

By Juliana Casares Araujo Chaves, Carolina Gregorutti dos Santos, Érica Gislaine Aparecida de Miranda, Jeverson Teodoro Arantes Junior and Iseli Lourenço Nantes


Open access peer-reviewed

2. Preparation and Structural Characterization of Metallophthalocyanine Particles Embedded in a Polymer Matrix

By María Elena Sánchez-Vergara, Angelina Romo Ubeda, Enrique Garibay Ochoa and José Ramón Alvarez-Bada


Open access peer-reviewed

3. Electrochemical Investigation of Porphyrin and Its Derivatives at Various Interfaces

By Xiaoquan Lu and Samrat Devaramani


Open access peer-reviewed

4. Deposited Transition Metal‐Centered Porphyrin and Phthalocyanine Molecules: Influence of the Substrates on the Magnetic Properties

By Heike C. Herper, Barbara Brena, Sumanta Bhandary and Biplab Sanyal


Open access peer-reviewed

5. Heterostructures Based on Porphyrin/Phthalocyanine Thin Films for Organic Device Applications

By Marcela Socol, Nicoleta Preda, Anca Stanculescu, Florin Stanculescu and Gabriel Socol


Open access peer-reviewed

6. Porphyrin‐Based Organophotocatalysts

By Yingzhi Chen, Zheng‐Hong Huang and Lu‐Ning Wang


Open access peer-reviewed

7. Isolation of Porphyrins from Heavy Oil Objects

By Makhmut R. Yakubov, Guzalia R. Abilova, Kirill O. Sinyashin, Dmitry V. Milordov, Elvira G. Tazeeva, Svetlana G. Yakubova, Dmitry N. Borisov, Pavel I. Gryaznov, Nikolay A. Mironov and Yulia Y. Borisova


Open access peer-reviewed

8. Control of Fluorescence and Photosensitized Singlet Oxygen- Generating Activities of Porphyrins by DNA: Fundamentals for “Theranostics”

By Kazutaka Hirakawa


Open access peer-reviewed

9. Porphyrins and Phthalocyanines: Photosensitizers and Photocatalysts

By Rodica-Mariana Ion


Open access peer-reviewed

10. Phthalocyanines: Alternative Sensitizers of TiO2 to be Used in Photocatalysis

By William A. Vallejo Lozada, Carlos Diaz-Uribe, Cesar Quiñones, Mileidy Lerma, Catalina Fajardo and Karen Navarro


Edited Volume and chapters are indexed in

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