About the book
The heavy metals group is one of the main and common environmental pollutants. They are persistent and naturally occurring elements from sea’s salts, forest fires, volcanic eruption and rock weathering, but most of the environmental pollution by these elements results from human and industrial activities such as mining, wastewater discharge, crude oil transfer and spill, agriculture, and the smelting process. These activities introduce heavy metals in different environments such as biological, aquatic, terrestrial and air environments. Heavy metals are persistent and accumulative, therefore introducing heavy metals to these environments leads to many potential negative impacts.
This book aims to provide the reader with a comprehensive overview of the heavy metals’ physicochemical properties, toxicity, transferring in the environment, legislation, environmental impacts and mitigation measures.