About the book
Within the framework of the World Health Organization (WHO), the definition of health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
Reproductive health implies that people have the capability and freedom to reproduce when and how often to do so. The WHO assessed that Reproductive health accounts for a quarter of the global burden of ill-health affecting family welfare.
Couples ought to be counselled and to have access to acceptable family planning methods, and appropriate health care services of reproductive medicine and health education programs that stress the importance of having a healthy family. Inequalities exist in reproductive health provisions that vary based on region, education level, socioeconomic status, ethnicity, and resources available.
Family planning, as defined by the WHO encompasses services leading up to conception. It addresses the medical, social, and educational status. It involves consideration of the number, and spacing of children. Individuals are enabled to determine the age and stage at which to reproduce, and to select the means by which this may be achieved. These matters are influenced by career considerations, financial status, and any other external factors.
Promotion of family planning for couples is essential to securing the well-being, health and development of communities. Millions of women of reproductive age worldwide want to avoid pregnancy but are not exposed to modern contraceptive. Family planning can delay or prevent pregnancies in women at increased risk of health problems, or women at increased risks related to pregnancy, respectively. By reducing rates of unintended pregnancies, it also reduces the need for unsafe abortion.
Family planning can decrease infant and maternal mortality rates by preventing closely spaced and ill-timed pregnancies and births. In addition, it reduces the risk of unintended pregnancies among women with HIV. Furthermore, it prevents pregnancies in adolescents as they are more likely to have preterm or low birth-weight babies. Finally, it controls unsustainable population growth with its negative effects on the environment, national and regional economic development goals.
The overall aim in producing this book is to extend recent writing on family planning and reproductive health, and to critique key concepts in contemporary practice. It is believed that anyone with an interest in family planning and reproductive health will find it informative, educational and necessary to improve the outcomes that we should be aiming for.