Open access peer-reviewed Edited Volume

Neurosurgery

Xianli Lv

Beijing Institute of Neurosurgery

Xianli Lv M.D. is an editorial member of the Journal of Interventional Neuroradiology, Stroke and Vascular Neurology, Journal of Neuroradiology, and the Neuroradiology Journal. At present, he is working at the Neurosurgery Department, Beijing Tsinghua Changgung Hospital, School of Clinical Medicine, Tsinghua University. His area of interest is in the Endovascular Neurosurgery of Intracranial Aneurysm, Cerebral AVM, Intracranial dural arteriovenous fistula, Spinal AVM, Pediatric cerebrospinal AVMs.

Covering

Trepanation Craniotomy Neurosurgery History Development Amygdalotomy Brain Mapping Ganglionectomy Laminectomy Neurolysis Future Neuroplastic Surgery

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About the book

The history of neurosurgery is filled with descriptions of brave surgeons performing surgery against great odds in an attempt to improve outcomes in their patients. In the distant past, most neurosurgical procedures were limited to trephination, and this was sometimes performed for unclear reasons. Beginning in the Renaissance and accelerating through the middle and late 19th century, a greater understanding of cerebral localization, antisepsis, anesthesia, and hemostasis led to an era of great expansion in neurosurgical approaches and techniques.

This book highlights the most important innovations and milestones in the history of neurosurgery through the ages that allowed the inauguration and establishment of neurosurgical techniques in the field of surgery.

This book depicts world history of neurosurgery, including the prehistoric trepanation, advances of neurosurgery in developing countries and developed countries. The advances of spinal neurosurgery, function neurosurgery, endovascular neurosurgery, endoscopic neurosurgery, radiotherapeutic neurosurgery and peadiatric neurosurgery will also be included. Progress often depended on the technical advances of scientists coupled with the innovative ideas and courage of pioneering surgeons. A better understanding of this history provides insight into where we originated as a specialty and in what directions we may go in the future.

This book will be very interesting. The text will be written in clear and concise English language. The text will also be original text and unique to this book.

Publishing process

Book initiated and editor appointed

Date completed: September 3rd 2020

Applications to edit the book are assessed and a suitable editor is selected, at which point the process begins.

Chapter proposals submitted and reviewed

Deadline for chapter proposals: October 1st 2020

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Approved chapters written in full and submitted

Deadline for full chapters: November 30th 2020

Once approved by the academic editor and publishing review team, chapters are written and submitted according to pre-agreed parameters

Full chapters peer reviewed

Review results due: February 18th 2021

Full chapter manuscripts are screened for plagiarism and undergo a Main Editor Peer Review. Results are sent to authors within 30 days of submission, with suggestions for rounds of revisions.

Book compiled, published and promoted

Expected publication date: April 19th 2021

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About the editor

Xianli Lv

Beijing Institute of Neurosurgery

Xianli Lv M.D. Male Birth date: 10-May-1980 Neurosurgery Department, Beijing Tsinghua Changgung Hospital, School of Clinical Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China. Areas of Interest Endovascular Neurosurgery of Intracranial Aneurysm, Cerebral AVM, Intracranial dural arteriovenous fistula, Spinal AVM, Pediatric cerebrospinal AVMs. Hobbies Travel, Reading Contact information Cell phone number: 13811519390 Email: lvxianli000@163.com Postal Address: Changping, Litanglu168, Beijing, 102218, China. Working position 2019.12- Beijing Tsinghua Changgeng Hospital of Tsinghua University, Associate professor 2018.1-2019.11 Beijing Tsinghua Changgeng Hospital of Tsinghua University, Attending doctor 2016.11-2017.12 Beijing Tiantan Hospital of Capital Medical University, Attentidng doctor 2014.11-2016.11 Beijing Tiantan Hospital of Capital Medical University, Attending doctor 2009.9-2014.10 Beijing Tiantan Hospital of Capital Medical University, Resident 2006.9-2009.6 Beijing Institute of Neurosurgery, Capital Medical University, M.D. 2003.9-2006.6 First Clinical Hospital of Jilin University, Medical Master 1998.9-2003.6 Clinical Medicine, Medical College of Beihua University, Medical Bachelor Social Part-time Jobs: 2020.1 Editorial member of The Neuroradiology Journal 2019.12 Member of stroke rehabilitation society of Chinese Medical Association 2019.8 Member of the Standing Committee of interventional medicine branch of Beijing Medical Association 2019.3 Member of Neurosurgery Popular Science Committee, Chinese Medical Association 2018.10 Editorial Board of Journal of Neurological Intervention Information(Chinese) 2018.6 Member of Neurological Intervention Specialist Branch of Beijing Medical Association 2018.3 Reviewer for Journal of Neuroradiology 2018.3 Reviewer for Journal of the Neurological Sciences 2018.3 Editorial Board Member of Stroke and vascular neurology 2017.12 Editorial Board Member for Interventional Neuroradiology 2017.11 Reviewer of American Journal of Neuroradiology 2017.1 Reviewer for Journal of NeuroInterventional Surgery 2013.9 Member of world federation of interventional therapy neuradiology(WFITN) Oral Presentation on International Conferences: 2019.6 2019LINNC Seminar, China Edition. The role flow-control technique in endovascular treatment of complex cerebral arteriovenous shunts. Shanghai, China. 2019.1 ABC Win seminar, France, Valdisere, Transarterial embolization of AVM 2018.11 Second Sino-Japanese Union of Neurosurgery Conference, A systematic review of pipeline embolization device for giant intracranial aneurysms, Japan 2018.6 13th Annual Meeting of Neurosurgery Doctors of Chinese Medical Association, The role of transcatheter arterial embolization in the treatment of cerebral AVMs, China 2018.3 AAFITN Growth and rupture of Giant Intracranial aneurysms after Pipeline Embolization Device Treatment, Malaysia 2017.10 The fourth WFITN Curative and adjunctive AVM embolization through choroidal arteries 2015.11The thirteenth WFITN Pre-existing, incidental and hemorrhagic AVMs in pregnancy and postpartum: gestational age, morbidity and mortality, management and risk for fetus. 2012.9 East Asia Neurointervention Meeting Fetal-type posterior cerebral artery could be prone to develop vascular insufficiency in parent vessel occlusion treatment of distal posterior cerebral artery aneurysms 2010.10 The sixteenth neuroradiology forum The incidence of trigeminocardiac reflex in endovascular treatment of dural arteriovenous fistula with Onyx 2010.10 The sixteenth neuroradiology forum Endovascular treatment of complex intracranial aneurysms: technical review 2007.9 The ninth WFITN Complications associated with transarterial embolization of intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas with Onyx-18 Publications between 2007 and 2019: First author publications Book chapters: Chapter2. Lv X, Li Y, Jiang C. Percutaneous Transvenous Embolization of Intracranial Dural Arteriovenous Fistulas with Detachable Coils and/or in Combination with Onyx. In: Tjoumakaris SI, Ed. Arteriovenous fistulas-diagnosis and management. Rijeka: InTech Press 2013; pp. 25-41. ISBN: 978-953-51-1178-8 Chapter11. Lv X, Li Y, Jiang C. Traumatic middle meningeal artery and fistula formation with the cavernous sinus and a review of the literature on endovascular management of traumatic carotid cavernous fistulas. In: Tjoumakaris SI, Ed. Arteriovenous fistulas-diagnosis and management. Rijeka: InTech Press 2013; pp. 167-175. ISBN: 978-953-51-1178-8 First author and corresponding author* 2019 1.Sun Y, Li X, Xiong J, Yu J, Lv X*. Transarterial Onyx embolization of residual AVM after surgical resection. World Neurosurg. 2019 Jun;126:e1242-e1245. 2.Lv X, Jiang C, Liang S, Wang J*. The variant with the absence of the superior petrosal venous and sinus: A potential pitfall of transvenous balloon-assisted embolisation of Borden type II transverse-sigmoid dural arteriovenous fistula. Interv Neuroradiol. 2019 Aug;25(4):474-477. doi: 10.1177/1591019919841929. 3.Lv X, Wang G*. Cilio-retinal Artery Occlusion after Extrusion Onyx Embolization for Ethmoidal Dural Arteriovenous Fistula via the Ophthalmic Artery. Arch Clin Case Rep. 2019;2(2): 06-11. 4.Lv XL*. Accessory Meningeal Artery: Emphasis on Its Intracranial Distribution. Journal of Cerebrovascular Disease 2019; 2(1): 1-3. 5. Lv X*. Hemorrhagic Factors of Moyamoya Disease. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2019 Oct;40(10):1672-1673. 6. Guo L, Liu T, Lv X*. Endovascular embolization of dural arteriovenous fistula in a child presented with slight conjunctival hyperemia. Childs Nerv Syst. 2019 Dec;35(12):2435-2437. 7.Tian Jian, Li Yingqiang, Wang Lei, Xiong Jianing, Gong Cuiling, Lv Xianli*. Endovascular treatmentof multiple intracranial aneurysms with severe coronary heart disease: one case report. Chin J Neuromed. 2019;18(11):1161-1163.[Chinese] 8.Lv X, Chen Z, Liu L, Jiang C, Wang G, Wang J*. Rupture of Intradural Giant Aneurysms: The Mode of Treatment, Anatomical, and Mechanical Factors. Neurol India. 2019; 67(5): 1194—1199. 9. Sun J, Lv X*. Why does large venous pouch thrombose after cerebral arteriovenous shunts embolization?. Ann of Indian Acad Neurol. 2019, DOI: 10.4103/aian.AIAN_448_19 10.Xiong J, Wang L, Tian J, Li Y, Gong C, Lv X*. Stent‑Assisted Coiling of Brain Aneurysms Under Conscious Sedation and Simultaneous Coronary Heart Disease Stenting: A New Concept. Ann of Indian Acad Neurol. 2019, DOI: 10.4103/aian.AIAN_471_19 11. Lv X*, Jiang C, Wu Z, Jiang W, Wang G. Complex cerebral aneurysms: intra-luminal reconstruction using Pipeline flow-diverting stent and the obliteration mechanism. Neuroradiol J. 2019;1971400919894879. doi:10.1177/1971400919894879 2018 1.Lv X, Li W, Ge H, Jin H, He H, Jiang C, Li Y. Parent artery sacrifice for ruptured aneurysms in acute and chronic phases: A systematic review. Neurol India. 2018 May-Jun;66(3):695-699. 2. Lv X, Li W, Li Y. Training residents and fellows in the procedure of diagnostic cervicocerebral angiography: Techniques to avoid complications. Neurol India. 2018 May-Jun;66(3):652-656. 3. Lv X, Wang G. Review of de novo cerebral arteriovenous malformation: haemorrhage risk, treatment approaches and outcomes. Neuroradiol J. 2018 Jun;31(3):224-229. 4. Lv X, Wu Z. The philosophy of 'unity of knowledge and action' in interventional neuroradiology teaching. Neuroradiol J. 2018 Jun;31(3):330-332. 5. Lv X, Zhang Y, Jiang W. Systematic Review of Woven EndoBridge for Wide-Necked Bifurcation Aneurysms: Complications, Adequate Occlusion Rate, Morbidity, and Mortality. World Neurosurg. 2018 Feb;110:20-25. 2017 1.Lv X, Ge H, He H, Jiang C, Li Y*. A systematic review of pipeline embolization device for giant intracranial aneurysms. Neurology India. 2017;65:35-38. 2.Lv X, Li W, Liu A, Lv M, Jiang C. Endovascular treatment evolution for pure intraorbital arteriovenous fistula: Three case reports and literature review. Neuroradiol J. 2017 Apr;30(2):151-159. 3. Lv X, Hu X, Li W, He H, Jiang C*, Li Y. Curative and adjunctive AVM Onyx embolization of AVMs through the choroidal arteries. Interv Neuroradiol. 2017;23:392-398. 4.Lv X, Li W, He H, Jiang C, Li Y*. Known and unknown cerebral arteriovenous malformations in pregnancies: Hemorrhage risk and influence on obstetrical management. Neuroradiol J. 2017 Oct;30(5):437-441. 5.Lv X, Song C, He H, Jiang C, Li Y. Transvenous retrograde AVM embolization: Indications, techniques, complications and outcomes. Interv Neuroradiol. 2017 Oct;23(5):504-509 6.Lv X. Letter: Comparison of N-butyl Cyanoacrylate and Onyx for the Embolization of Intracranial Arteriovenous Malformations—Analysis of Fluoroscopy and Procedure Times. Operative Neurosurgery. 2017;13(6):E37-38. 2016 1.Lv X, Hu X, Liu J, He H, Li Y*. The influence of age and the initial clinical presentations of patients with an arteriovenous malformation on the risk of hemorrhage. Neurology India. 2016;64:87-94. 2.Lv X, Yang H, Liu P, Li Y. Flow-diverter devices in treatment of intracranial aneurysms: A Meta-analysis and systematic review. Neuroradiol J. 2016;29(1):66-71. 3.Lv X, Liu P, Li Y*. Pre-existing, Incidental and Hemorrhagic AVMs in Pregnancy and Postpartum: Gestational Age, Morbidity and Mortality, Management and Risk for fetus. Interv Neuroradiol. 2016;22(2):206-211. 4.Lv X, Wu Z, He H, Ge H, Li Y*. Proposal of classification of aneurysms coexisting with AVM and possible treatment strategies. Turkish Neurosurgery 2016; 26: 229-233. 5.Lv X, Ge H, Jin H, He H, Jiang C, Li Y*. Endovascular treatment of unruptured posterior circulation intracranial aneurysms. Ann Indian Acad Neurol 2016;19:302-6. 6.Liu P1, Lv XL1, Liu AH, Chen C, Ge HJ, Jin HW, Feng X, Lv M, Li YX, Duan L*. Intracranial aneurysms associated with moyamoya disease in children: clinical features and long-term surgical outcome. World Neurosurg. 2016 Oct;94:513-520. 7. Ge H, Jin H, Li Y, Lv X*. Extraction of a migrated coil from the Enterprise stent strut using a Solitaire AB stent. Neuroradiol J. 2016 Dec;29(6):470-472. 8.Lv X, Ge H, He H, Jiang C, Li Y*. Anterior inferior cerebellar artery aneurysms: Segments and results of surgical and endovascular managements. Interv Neuroradiol. 2016 Dec;22(6):643-648. Epub 2016 Aug 2. 9. Lv X, Chen X, Ge H, He H, Jiang C, Li Y*. Adjunct to Embolize the High-Flow Fistula Part of Arteriovenous Malformation Using a Double-Lumen Balloon Catheter. World Neurosurg. 2016 Dec;96:370-374. 2015 1. Lv X, Li Y. Progress in diagnosis and treatment of subarachnoid hemorrhage during pregnancy and childbirth. Chinese Journal of Neurosurgery,2015,31(1):95-98. 2. Lv X, Liu P, Li Y. The clinical characteristics and treatment of cerebral AVM in pregnancy. Neuroradiol J. 2015 Jun;28(3):234-7. 3. Lv X, Liu J, Hu X, Li Y*. Patient age, hemorrhage patterns and AVM outcomes. World Neurosurg. 2015; ;84(4):1039-44. 4.Lv X, Wu Z*. Anatomic Variations of Internal Jugular Vein, Inferior Petrosal Sinus and Its Confluence Pattern: Implications in Inferior Petrosal Sinus Catheterization. Interv Neuroradiol. 2015;21(6):769-773. 5. Lv X, He H, Wu Z*. China's Medical Education and Interventional Neuroradiology Training. World Neurosurg. 2015 Nov;84(5):1462-5. 2014 1.Zhang Z, Lv X*, Wu Z*, Li Y, Yang X, Jiang C, Xu R, Shen C. Clinical and angiographic outcome of endovascular and conservative treatment for giant cavernous carotid artery aneurysms. Interv Neuroradiol. 2014;20: 29-36. 2.Lv X, Wu Z, Li Y*. Innervation of Cerebral Dura Mater. Neuroradiolog J. 2014 Jun;27(3):293-298. 3.Lv X, Wu Z, Li Y*. Effect of electromagnetic radiation on the coils used in aneurysm embolization. Neuroradiolog J. 2014 Jun;27(3):350-355. 4.Zhongxue Wu. Angel under X-ray. Translated by Xianli Lv. Interventional Neuroradiology 2014;20: 454. 2013 1.Jiang C, Lv X, Li Y, Wu Z, Shi J*. Surgical access on the superior ophthalmic vein to the cavernous sinus dural fistula for embolization. J Neurointerv Surg. 2013;5(3):e13. 2.Lv X, Li Y, Yang X, Jiang C, Wu Z*. Characteristics of brain arteriovenous malformations in patients presenting with nonhemorrhagic neurologic deficits. World Neurosurg. 2013;79(3-4): 484–488 3.Lv X, Wu Z*. Robot-assisted Gait Rehabilitation after Stroke. Journal of Rehabilitation Robotics. 2013;1:3-8. 4.Lv X, Wu Z, Li Y*. Arteriovenous Malformation in the Brain: a Theoretical Study Explaining the Behavior of Liquid Embolic Agents during Endovascular Treatment. Neuroradiol J. 2013;26:661-668 5.Lv X, Li Z, Li Y*. Prehistoric Skull Trepanation in China. World Neurosurg. 2013;80(6):897-9. 2012 1.Lv X, Li Y, Yang X, Jiang C, Wu Z*. Endovascular embolization for symptomatic perimedullary AVF and intramedullary AVM: a series and literature review. Neuroradiology. 2012;54:349-359 2.Lv X, Wu Z*, Li Y, Yang X, Jiang C, Sun Y, Zhang N. Endovascular treatment of cerebral aneurysms associated with arteriovenous malformations. Eur J Radiol. 2012;81:1296-1298 3. Lv X, Li Y, Xinjian Y, Jiang C, Wu Z*. Results of endovascular treatment for intracranial wide-necked saccular and dissecting aneurysms using the Enterprise stent: A single center experience. Eur J Radiol. 2012;81:1179-1183 4.Zhang J, Lv X,* Yang J, Wu Z. Stent-assisted coil embolization of intracranial aneurysms using Solitaire stent. Neurology India 2012; 60:278-282 5.Lv X, Wu Z*, Li Y, Yang X, Jiang C. Hemorrhage risk after partial endovascular NBCA and ONYX embolization for brain arteriovenous malformation. Neurol Res. 2012;34:552-6. 6.Lv X, Li Y, Yang X, Jiang C, Wu Z*. Potential proneness of fetal-type posterior cerebral artery to vascular insufficiency in parentvessel occlusion of distal posterior cerebral artery aneurysms. J Neurosurg. 2012;117:284-7. 7.Lv X, Wu Z, Qu RB*, Jin H*. Endovascular Treatment of Cerebral Aneurysms During Acute (<72 Hours) Subarachnoid Hemorrhage. Journal of Neurological Sciences [Turkish] 2012;29:535-541 8.Li T, Lv X*, Wu Z. Endovascular treatment of hemifacial spasm associated with a petrosal DAVF using transarterial Onyx embolization: case report. Interv Neuroradiol. 2012;18:69-73 2011 1.Lv X, Jiang C, Li Y, Liu L, Liu J, Wu Z*. The laterocavernous sinus system: venous inflows, venous outflows and clinical significance. World Neurosurgery 2011;75:90-93 2.Lv X, Feng W, Li Y, Yang X, Jiang C, Liu L, Liu J, Sun J, Wu Z*. Cavernous region dural fistulas with the venous drainage of laterocavernous sinus. Neurol India 2011;59:190-194 3.Lv X, Jiang C, Li Y, Yang X, Wu Z*. Endovascular treatment for cerebral perforating artery aneurysms. Neurol Res. 2011;33:553-557. 4.Lv X, Wu Z*, Jiang C, Yang X, Li Y, Sun Y, Zhang N. Angioarchitectural characteristics of brain arteriovenous malformations presenting with and without hemorrhage. World Neurosurgery 2011; 76:95-99 5.Lv X, Li Y, Jiang C, Yang X, Wu Z*. Potential advantages and limitations of the Leo stent in endovascular treatment of complex cerebral aneurysms. Eur J Radiol. 2011;79:317-322 6.Lv X, Li Y, Yang X, Jiang C, Wu Z*. Characteristics of arteriovenous malformations associated with cerebral aneurysms. World Neurosurg. 2011;76(3-4):288-91. 7. Lv X, Jiang C, Li Y, Liu L, Liu J, Wu Z*. The limitations and risks of transarterial Onyx injections in the treatment of grade I and II DAVFs. Eur J Radiol. 2011;80:e385-e388 8.Lv X, Wu Z*, Jiang C, Li Y, Yang X, Zhang Y, Zhang N. Complication risk of endovascular embolization for cerebral arteriovenous malformation. Eur J Radiol. 2011;80:776-779 9. Lv X, Wu Z*, Li Y, Jiang C, Yang X, Zhang J. Cerebral arteriovenous malformations associated with flow-related and circle of Willis aneurysms. World Neurosurgery 2011; 76: 455-458 10.Lv X, Yang X, Li Y, Jiang C, Wu Z*. Dural arteriovenous fistula with spinal perimedullary venous drainage. Neurology India. 2011;59:899-902 11.Lv X, Wu Z*, Jiang C, Li Y. Illustrative case: A patient with cerebral proliferative angiopathy. Eur J Radiol Extra. 2011;78:e67-e70 12. Lv X, Lv M, Li Y, Yang X, Jiang C, Wu Z*. Endovascular treatment of ruptured and unruptured vertebral artery aneurysms. Digital-Neuroradiol J. 2011;1(17):797-806 2010 1.Lv X, Jiang C, Li Y, Wu Z*. Embolization of intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas with Onyx-18. Eur J Radiol. 2010;73:664-671 2.Lv X, Jiang C, Li Y, Yang X, Wu Z*. Isolated oculomotor nerve palsy in interventional neuroradiology. Eur J Radiol 2010;74:441-444 3.Lv X, Jiang C, Li Y, Yang X, Wu Z*. Recovery of opthalmoplegia associated with cavernous sinus dural arteriovenous fistulas after transvenous cavernous sinus packing. Eur J Radiol 2010 ;75 :139-142 4.Lv X, Jiang C, Li Y, Lv M, Wu Z*. Endovascular treatment of dural fistulas with the venous outflow of laterocavernous sinus. Eur J Radiol. 2010;75:e129-e134 5.Lv X, Jiang C, Li Y, Wu Z*. Clinical outcomes of ruptured and unruptured vertebral artery-posterior inferior cerebellar artery complex dissecting aneurysms after endovascular embolization. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2010;31:1232-1235 6.Lv X, Jiang C, Li Y, Yang X, Wu Z*. Clinical outcomes of endovascular treatment for intracranial pial arteriovenous fistulas. World Neurosurgery 2010; 73:385-390 7.Lv X, Jiang C, Li Y, Liu L, Liu J, Wu Z*. Transverse-sigmoid sinus dural arteriovenous fistulae. World Neurosurgery 2010;74:297-305 8.Lv X, Li Y, Jiang C, Yang X, Wu Z*. Endovascular treatment using stents for vertebral artery fusiform aneurysms. Neurol Res 2010;32:792-795 9.Lv X, Jiang C, Li Y, Wu Z*. Clinical outcomes of lower cranial nerve palsies caused by vertebral artery–posteroinferior cerebellar artery aneurysms after endovascular embolization. Neurol Res 2010;32:796-800 10.Lv X, Wu Z*, Jiang C, Li Y, Yang X, Zhang Y, Lv M, Zhang N. Endovascular treatment accounts for a change in brain arteriovenous malformation natural history risk. Interv Neuroradiol 2010;16:127-132 11.Lv X, Li Y, Jiang C, Wu Z*. The incidence of trigeminocardiac reflex in endovascular treatment of dural arteriovenous fistula with Onyx. Interv Neuroradiol 2010;16(1):59-63 12.Lv X, Li Y, Jiang C, Yang X, Wu Z*. Brain arteriovenous malformation and endovascular treatment: effect on seizures. Interv Neuroradiol 2010;16(1):39-45 2009 1.Lv X, Li Y*, Jiang C, Wu Z. Endovascular treatment of brain arteriovenous fistulas. Am. J. Neuroradiol 2009;30:851-856 2.Lv X, Jiang C*, Zhang J, Li Y, Wu Z. Complications related to percutaneous transarterial embolization of intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas in 40 patients. Am. J. Neuroradiol.2009; 30: 462 - 468. 3.Lv X, Jiang C, Li Y,Yang X, Wu Z*. Endovascular treatment for pediatric intracranial aneurysms. Neuroradiology 2009;51:749-754 4.Lv X, Jiang C*, Li Y, Wu Z*. Percutaneous transvenous packing of cavernous sinus with Onyx for cavernous dural arteriovenous fistula. Eur J Radiol. 2009;71:356-362 5.Lv X, Li Y, Jiang C, Yang X, Wu Z*. Parent vessel occlusion for P2 dissecting aneurysms of the posterior cerebral artery. Surg Neurol. 2009;71(3):319-25. 6.Lv X, Jiang C, Li Y, Wu Z*. A promising adjuvant to detachable coils for cavernous packing-Onyx. Interv Neuroradiol 2009;15:145-152 7. Lv X, Jiang C, Li Y, Yang X, Wu Z*. Treatment of giant intracranial aneurysms. Interv Neuroradiol 2009;15:135-144 8.Lv X, Jiang C, Li Y, Yang X, Wu Z*. Intraarterial and intravenous treatment of transverse/sigmoid sinus dural arteriovenous fistulas. Interv Neuroradiol 2009;15:291-300 9.Lv X, Li Y, Jiang C, Wu Z*. Endovascular management for P2 aneurysms of the posterior cerebral artery: experience on proximal occlusion of P2 segment. Interv Neuroradiol 2009;15:341-348 2008 1.Lv XL, Li YX, Liu AH, Lv M, Jiang P, Zhang JB, Wu ZX*. A complex cavernous sinus dural arteriovenous fistula secondary to covered stent placement for a traumatic carotid artery-cavernous sinus fistula. J Neurosurg. 2008;108(3):588-90. 2.Lv X, Jiang C*, Li Y, Wu Z. Results and complications of transarterial embolization of intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas using Onyx-18. J Neurosurg 2008;109:1083-1090 3.Lv X, Li Y, Wu Z*. Endovascular treatment of the anterior cranial fossa dural arteriovenous fistulas. Neuroradiology 2008;50:433-437 4.Lv X, Li Y, Liu A, Lv M, Jiang C*, Wu Z. Endovascular embolization of dural arteriovenous fistulas of the anterior cranial fossa: three case reports. Neurol Res, 2008;30(8):852-9. 5.Lv X, Jiang C, Li Y, Lv M, Zhang J, Wu Z*. Intracranial pseudoaneurysms, dissections and carotid-cavernous fistulas: repair with percutaneous implantation of endovascular covered stents. Interv Neuroradiol 2008;14:435-440 6.Lv X, Jiang C, Li Y, Yang X, Wu Z*. Percutaneous transvenous embolization of intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulae with detachable coils and/or in combination with Onyx. Interv Neuroradiol 2008;14:415-427 7.Lv X, Li Y*, Lv M, Liu A, Wu Z*. Successful endovascular treatment of a deep cerebral arteriovenous fistula with unusual venous drainage. Eur J Radiol Extra 2008;68:e53-58 8.Lv X*, Li Y, Liu A, Wu Z. Endovascular management of multiple cerebral aneurysms in acute subarachnoid hemorrhage associated with fenestrated basilar artery: a case report and review of the literature. Neuroradiol J. 2008;21:137-142 9.Lv X, Li Y, Liu A, Zhang J, Wu Z*. Parent artery occlusion for peripheral anterior inferior cerebellar artery aneurysm: case report and review of the literature. Neuroradiol J. 2008;21:261-265 10.Lv X, Li Y, Wu Z*. Endovascular management for bilateral ophthalmic segment “kissing aneurysms” presenting with nasal bleeding: case report. Neuroradiol J. 2008;21:266-269 11.Lv X, Jiang C*, Li Y, Yang X, Wu Z. Transarterial embolization of tentorial dural arteriovenous fistulas with Onyx-18. Neuroradiol J. 2008;21:406-414 12.Lv X, Zhong J, Li Y, Jiang C, Wu Z*. Dural arteriovenous fistula involving the transverse sigmoid sinus presenting as chemosis: a case report. Neuroradiol J. 2008;21:428-432 13.Lv X, Li Y, Jiang C, Zhang J, Wu Z*. Venous infarction associated with a sigmoid sinus dural arteriovenous fistula: case report. Neuroradiol J. 2008;21:579-583 2007 1.Lv X, Li Y, Lv M, Liu A, Zhang J, Wu Z*. Trigemino-cardiac reflex in embolization of intracranial dural arteriovenous fistula. Am J Neuroradiol 2007;(28):1769-1770 2.Lv X, Li Y, Liu A, Jiang P, Lv M, Wu Z*. Endovascular treatment of intracranial giant serpentine aneurysms. Neuroradiol J. 2007;20(2):237-241 3.Lv X, Li Y, Liu A, Jiang C, Wu Z*. Transarterial embolization of dural arteriovenous fistulas of the anterior cranial fossa Onyx-18: Case report. Neuroradiol J. 2007;20(3):53-59 Non-first author 2017 1.Ge H, Lv X, Jin H, Tian Z, Li Y*, He H. The role of endovascular treatment in unruptured basilar tip aneurysms. Interv Neuroradiol. 2017 Feb;23(1):8-13. 2016 1. Jin H, Lv X, Li Y. Transarterial Onyx embolization of jugular foramen dural arteriovenous fistula with spinal venous drainage manifesting as myelopathy-a case report and review of the literature. Interv Neuroradiol. 2016 Oct;22(5):579-83. 2. Yu J, Shi L, Lv X, Wu Z, Yang H. Intracranial non-galenic pial arteriovenous fistula: A review of the literature. Interv Neuroradiol. 2016 Oct;22(5):557-68. 3. Liu P, Qi H, Liu A, Lv X, Jiang Y, Zhao X, Li R, Lu B, Lv M, Chen H, Li Y. Relationship between aneurysm wall enhancement and conventional risk factors in patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysms: A black-blood MRI study. Interv Neuroradiol. 2016 Oct;22(5):501-5. 4.Liu P, Xu Y, Lv X, Ge H, Lv M, Li Y. Progression of unilateral moyamoya disease resulted in spontaneous occlusion of ipsilateral cavernous dural arteriovenous fistula: Case report. Interv Neuroradiol. 2016 Jun;22(3):362-4. 5. Yu J, Lv X, Li Y, Wu Z. Therapeutic progress in pediatric intracranial dural arteriovenous shunts: A review. Interv Neuroradiol. 2016 Oct;22(5):548-56. 2015 1.Yang H, Sun Y, Jiang Y, Lv X, Zhao Y, Li Y*, Liu A. Comparison Of Stent-Assisted Coiling Vs Coiling Alone In 563 Intracranial Aneurysms: Safety And Efficacy At A High-Volume Center. Neurosurgery. 2015; 77: 241-247. 2.Yang H, Li Y*, Jiang Y, Lv X. Thromboelastography for monitoring platelet function in unruptured intracranial aneurysm patients undergoing stent placement. Interv Neuroradiol. 2015;21(1):61-68. 3.Huo X, Jiang Y, Lv X, Yang H, Zhao Y, Li X*. Targeted embolization reduces hemorrhage complications in partially embolized cerebral AVM combined with gamma knife surgery. Interv Neuroradiol. 2015;21(1):80-87. 4.Zhang Z, Lv X, Yang X, Shiqing MU, Wu Z*, Shen C, Xu R. Endovascular management of giant aneurysms: An introspection. Neurol India. 2015 Mar-Apr;63(2):184-9. doi: 10.4103/0028-3886.156278. 5. Huo X, Jiang Y, Lv X, Yang H, Zhao Y, Li Y*. Gamma Knife surgical treatment for partially embolized cerebral arteriovenous malformations. J Neurosurg. 2015 Aug 7:1-10. 6. Liu P, Lv X, Li Y, Lv M*. 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Endovascular embolization for deep basal ganglia arteriovenous malformations. Neuroradiol J. 2010;23:359-362 7.Zhang J, Lv X, Jiang C, Li Y, Yang X, Wu Z*. Transarterial and transvenous embolization for cavernous sinus dural arteriovenous fistulae. Interv Neuroradiol 2010;16:269-277 8.Zhang J, Zhang R, Wu Z*, Lv X, Liu B. Results of endovascular management for mid-basilar artery aneurysms. Interv Neuroradiol 2010;16:249-254 9.Wu Z*, Lv X, Li Y, Jiang C, Yang X. Endovascular treatment for complex intracranial aneurysms: lessons learnt in five patients. Neuroradiol J. 2010;23:459-466 10.Zhang J, Lv M, Lv X, Jiang C, Li Y, Wu Z*. Endovascular treatment using stents for cerebral aneurysms. Neuroradiol J. 2010;23:730-736 11.Lv M, Lv X, Jiang C, Wu Z*. A P1 aneurysm and diabetes insipidus caused by traumatic brain injury. Neuroradiol J. 2010;23:724-729 12.Zhang J, Lv M, Lv X, Jiang C, Li Y, Wu Z*. Endovascular treatment using stents for cerebral aneurysms. 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